Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) in the North Central Coast of Vietnam: Restoration and Co-Management of Degraded Dunes and Mangroves - 18_II_160 - 10135 - Internationale Climate Initiative (IKI)

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Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) in the North Central Coast of Vietnam: Restoration and Co-Management of Degraded Dunes and Mangroves

As of: January 2020

Objective and activities

Adaptation is a key element of Viet Nam’s NDC, as typhoons increase in strength and make landfall in the exposed northcentral coast of Vietnam (NCC-VN). Originally its dunes and mangroves in the estuaries were covered with multilayered & diverse forests, ensuring storm protection. About 22% of the rural population in the region depends on subsistence agriculture behind and freshwater from the dunes. However, mangroves protective dune forest vegetation of these ecosystems have been largely degraded and covered with Casurina, a non-native tree species not capable of safeguarding the protective function of the dunes. Together with local communities, the project restores in an integrated co-management approach with native tree species dunes and mangroves of estuaries in NCC-VN. The approach is a blueprint for up-scaling at landscape level and closes the coastal protection gap between the Mekong and North Vietnam.

State of implementation/results

  • The project has signed contracts with four nurseries for seedling production in October 2018. There are now 580,000 seedlings of 14 indigenous tree species in production
  • The project has identified approximately 500ha of potential pilot areas in coastal sand dune ecosystems
  • At the turn of 2019/2020, up to 300ha of degraded land was planted in the three project provinces in North Central Vietnam
  • Study on tree species, locations, silvicultural approaches and plantation maintenance was published in English and Vietnamese (see link)
  • Draft of a study on potential business models (NTFP) in the restored coastal protected areas has been finalized and will be used to identify land use approaches to enable local communities to benefit more from restored coastal forests
  • Close cooperation with the University of Hue to promote Bachelor & Master students and PhD students. In total, more than 25 thesis are being carried out under the project
  • Cooperation with the Technical University Cologne. Preparation of a master thesis on biodiversity baseline on project areas and the development of a community-based monitoring concept
  • Publication of a video on tree nursery activities (see link)
  • Participation in the Community of Practice on Ecosystem based Adaptation (June, Bonn) to exchange knowledge and contribute relevant project experiences
  • Active participation in the IKI-funded network Friends of EbA (FEBA)
  • Report on the national project kick-off in Hanoi on the homepage of the Ministry of Science and Technology (…)

Project data


Implementing organisation:
UNIQUE forestry and land use GmbH

Partner institution(s):
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) - Viet Nam
  • Quang Tri Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) - Vietnam
  • Institute of Resources and Environment of Huế University (IREN) - Vietnam

BMU grant:
€ 1,879,538.95

04/2018 till 03/2022