From full sun to shaded cocoa agroforestry systems: Rehabilitation of smallholder cocoa farms and forest ecosystems for enhanced conservation and sustainable use of forestry resources in the High Forest zone of Ghana
As of: August 2019
Objective and activities
The project supports conservation and sustainable use of forest ecosystems in the High Forest Zone (HFZ) of Ghana. It works with three cocoa companies, smallholder farmers and local authorities to rehabilitate degraded cocoa and forest ecosystems resulting from cocoa expansion, low productivity, food insecurity and inadequate forest governance. In order to guarantee deforestation-free supply chains in the cocoa sector, the project seeks to address drivers of deforestation. This will be achieved by implementing measures for the strategic planning and decision support system, financing and implementation of large-scale, ecologically sound and socially equitable restoration of smallholder cocoa agroforestry systems that ensure the use of native tree species and the involvement of local communities.
State of implementation/results
- The projects seeks to empower smallholder cocoa farmers in the High Forest Zone of Ghana to practice climate-smart cocoa production in an integrated land-use system.
- Over 1,800 beneficiary farmers are adopting cocoa agroforestry systems using recommended shaded trees in 25 communities
- Four community nurseries were established which produced over 2.4 million planting materials including cocoa seedlings, plantain suckers and indigenous tree species. Over 70% of beneficiary farmers are registered with either RA/UTZ or Fairtrade certification
- The project has developed land use plans for 15 communities covering a total area of 29,000ha
- The promulgation of district wide community resource management area (CREMA) byelaws was facilitated under the shaded cocoa agroforestry systems (SCAFS) project. The byelaws have now been gazetted in Ghana’s Local Government Bulletin which provide legal backing for two CREMAs established under SCAFS
- The SCAFs project in partnership with Touton (a private partner) and technical support from Satelligence, a remote sensing and forest monitoring firm, have been able to accurately delineate cocoa from open forest, identify various shades of cocoa agroforest, detect deforestation associated with cocoa, and pin point illegal cocoa farms in forest reserves.
- Five private companies (two signed MoUs) have expressed interest in utilising land use/cover change maps developed under the project to monitor no-deforestation in their supply shed.
- SNV and Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) conducted field surveys to evaluate the early impacts and barriers to adoption of climate smart cocoa under the SCAFS project. Preliminary results indicate that some farmers are reluctant to adopt climate smart cocoa due to shortage of household labour, satisfaction with current yield rates and reluctance to forgo major source of income in the short term.
- The Partnership for forest (P4F) has approved a second phase of the Partnership for Productivity, Protection and Resilience in Cocoa Landscapes Phase (3PRCL_II) project co-implemented by SNV.