Operationalising National Safeguard Requirements for Results-based Payments from REDD+
As of: April 2018
Objective and activities
The Warsaw Framework for REDD+ provides sufficient technical guidance for developing countries to proceed with some confidence towards Phase II of demonstration activities and on-going readiness for results-based payments. The Framework includes decisions on safeguards and financing, notably that developing countries should operationalise the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards and provide information on how they have been addressed and respected before they can receive results-based payments. This project aims to assist regional leaders in REDD+ readiness, with good prospects of near-term financing, meet multiple safeguard requirements and be eligible for results-based payments. This will be achieved at the national level through facilitating country-led approaches for operationalising safeguards and developing safeguard information systems, and at the subnational level through mainstreaming of safeguards into low-emissions development planning and demonstrating participatory forest monitoring.
- Exploring mechanisms to promote High Biodiversity REDD: Piloting in Viet Nam
State of implementation/results
- Project in implementation
- Country-led Safeguards Approach and Safeguard Information System in Vietnam:
- Review, update and detailed definition of Vietnam’s legal framework relating to REDD+ safeguards underway. The work will specify precisely how Vietnam will employ its own legal framework to meet the UNFCCC safeguards requirements in the context of proposed REDD+ policies and measures.
- Assessment of environmental and social benefits and risks associated with NRAP and NRIP underway. The assessment is conducted in close collaboration with the UN-REDD programme leading the development of NRIP and will contribute directly to relevant sections of the NRIP itself, including (with inputs from the above legal study) the section relating to national policies and measures on REDD+ safeguards.
Sub-national REDD+ Planning
- Provincial REDD+ Action Plan (PRAPs) updating processes underway in Nghe An and Thanh Hoa. Provinces are required to update their PRAPs in line with the new NRAP, particularly those in the ER-P area. The project is working closely with the GoV and FCPF in developing a model process for updating the PRAPs and integrating safeguards in sub-national REDD+ planning. A key feature of the PRAP updates is in integrating activities that contribute directly towards REDD+ objectives from various sectors and defining strengthened institutional arrangements for inter-sectoral implementation.
Upcoming Activities and Events
- Asia-Pacific Regional South-South learning event on REDD+ Safeguards in October, 2017. The event was co-hosted by the Vietnam Forestry Administration, SNV/IKI, and UN-REDD in Hanoi, Vietnam. It attracted participants from 11 developing countries (mainly from Asian countries) as well as global REDD+ safeguards experts from UN-REDD, FCPF and the GCF.
- Several consultation workshops are planned between September – December with environmental and social expert groups as well as with the STWG-SG to review and provide feedback on project outputs related to the assessment of environmental and social benefits and risks of NRAP and NRIP as well as the section in NRIP referring to the proposed CAS. The project will also actively contribute to and support consultation processes led by UN-REDD relating to SIS Design and the SoI in the same period.
- GHANA: CAS and SIS -- Legal and institutional analysis of the Cancun safeguards in accordance with the Ghanaian context completed following a consultation workshop on 17th May, 2017.
- Draft Cancun Safeguards Clarification document has been submitted to the Forestry Commission for a review by the National Safeguards sub-Working Group (SSWG).
Sub-National REDD+ Planning
- Hotspot Intervention Area Management Planning: In view of the linkages between the Hotspot Intervention Area Management Plans (proposed under the GCFRP) and the Low Emission Development Plans (LEDP) to be developed for Bia and Juabeso districts under the ‘Safeguards project’, FC has agreed for the project to develop the Hotspot Intervention Area Management Plan (HIAMP) instead of the LEDP for Bia-Juabeso area. The following processes have been initiated towards the development of the management plan: -- Participatory Stakeholder Analysis (draft report complete)
- Spatial analysis of land use land cover change in the Bia-Juabeso Landscape (completed)
- Assessment of drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in the Bia-Juabeso Landscape (finalizing report)
Upcoming Activities and Events
- Assessment of environmental and social impact of the various interventions prescribed under the drivers of deforestation and options analysis study (consultancy assignment and field consultations).
- Constitution of an HIAMP drafting team and initiate the development of the Bia-Juabeso HIAMP (1st October 2017).
- Multi-stakeholder workshop for the Safeguards Sub-Working Group (SSWG) to be facilitated by CLP and aimed at introducing the SIS approach and design, information needs based on the Safeguards clarification document and the potential for drafting initial SoI (first week of October 2017)
- 2nd National REDD+ Forum scheduled for 19th October 2017
- PERU: CAS and SIS -- Analysis of Legal Safeguards Framework validated by MINAM: The analysis of Peru’s legal framework in relation to the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards was completed and has been validated by MINAM. This product provides a vital input to the design of Peru’s CAS.
- Formulation of a technical expert group on REDD+ safeguards: Although a formal multi-stakeholder Technical Working Group on REDD+ Safeguards has not yet been officially established, a de facto expert group led by MINAM (and comprised of SNV, CLP, DAR and CI) has been set-up as an interim body to provide technical and logistical support to national REDD+ safeguards processes. This group has also developed preliminary TORs for a REDD+ Safeguards Committee to be established.
- Various consultation meetings on the safeguards roadmap held in San Martin, Ucayali, Loreto and Madre de Dios. -- Low Emission Development Planning:
- Project outputs under review by MINAM: The project has completed a Stakeholder Analysis, Driver’s Assessment (including proposed solutions) and Environmental/Social Impact Assessment, intended as inputs for a LEDP for Raimondi District in Atalaya. These outputs are currently under review by MINAM and discussions ongoing as to how the products and process could be integrated in ecoregional planning and harmonized with and help to leverage appropriate investments through FIP or DCI.
- Participatory Forest Management Activities:
- The National Forest Monitoring System will consider integrating an indigenous MRV system. The Climate Change Unit in MINAM worked together with AIDESEP in developing this document. In this context, SNV project in partnership with MINAM has identified activities in order to support next steps: technical guidelines for data/ information monitoring and capacity building for indigenous associations in charge of MRV. To date, SNV has been developing a work plan together with MINAM in order to start piloting PFM activities in the prioritized zone (Atalaya)