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Scaling Up Mangrove EbA in the Mekong Delta

As of: March 2019

Objective and activities

In Vietnam, shrimp farming is a vital economic sector, but also the leading cause of mangrove loss. The sustainability of the shrimp sector and the conservation of mangroves are therefore both national priorities. To help the government address these competing priorities, IUCN/SNV implemented an IKI-funded project in Ca Mau to help shrimp farmers become certified using the Naturland organic label. In the first project phase (until 2016), wabout 1,400 farmers had been enrolled in the certification program, 60 ha of mangroves had been replanted, and net mangrove loss had been stopped across the project area. The 2nd phase of the project will scale up the results of the 1st phase in Ca Mau, Ben Tre, and Tra Vinh, three provinces that contain half the mangroves in the Mekong Delta. This will strengthen the resilience of local communities to sea level rise, higher peak temperatures and similar stressors.

Predecessor project(s)
Promoting Ecosystem-based Adaptation through Mangrove Restoration and Sustainable Use in Thailand and Vietnam

State of implementation/results

  • So far, 2912 farmers trained in sustainable methods of mangrove polyculture and prepared for organic certification of their production
  • Currently, 531 farmers certified by the shrimp company Minh Phu, 300 more want to be certified by the company Phuong Anh in 2018
  • Currently, 63% of farmers participating in the project produce their shrimps according to organic standards
  • Currently, 77 % of shrimps sold by farmers participating in the project certified according to organic standards
  • Support of farmers by 37 newly founded farmer groups and 35 existing farmer groups from the previous project, both also receiving training
  • Advisory services for 4 Forest Management Boards, 4 seafood export companies and hundreds of shrimp farmers on the implementation of pilot projects in Ca Mau province
  • Study trip of 28 shrimp farmers from Tra Vinh and Ben Tre to the province Ca Mau to learn about mangrove protection and improved techniques of sustainable shrimp breeding in mangroves
  • Workshops at provincial and regional level in Ca Mau on topics such as integrated coastal management, promotion of mangrove-friendly shrimp farming, payments for environmental services (PES) and organic certification
  • Payments made by export company Minh Phu to 884 farmers for ecosystem services; average $47-$48 per household in 2017
  • Advisory services in the context of the adoption by the National Assembly of a new forestry law recognising mangrove polyculture as aquaculture PES
  • Regional PES workshop in the Mekong Delta to review PES pilot activities for aquaculture
  • Recommendations of the project for the national PES policy in Vietnam (…) and the new forestry law formulated
  • Production of a demonstration video on practices to the productivity and income of sustainable shrimp farming(…)
  • Meeting of the Vietnam Forest Fund with project representatives and key leaders of Vietnamese forest protection, resulting in recommendations for the drafting of the government decree on forest law by UN Forest and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) (…)
  • Visit to Ca Mau by 17 high-ranking representatives from Myanmar to learn about the project model of sustainable mangrove use and restoration.
  • Exchange of experience between authorities and selected farmers from Tra Vinh, Ben Tre and Ca Mau with an Indonesian project on mangrove cultivation
  • Start of building up a model shrimp farm
  • Start of a cooperation with the University of Can Tho to establish a monitoring system for sustainable aquaculture
  • The project was presented on national and regional television as a successful model for sustainable shrimp production in mangroves in the Mekong Delta and coastal areas:
  • Ca Mau TV:… VTV9 (regional TV):… VTV2 (national TV):…
  • Award for the project leader SNV by the province Ca Mau for the efforts for a sustainable aquaculture in Ca Mau (…)
  • Close coordination of project activities with a large World Bank project on certified organic shrimps, approved in 2016, to maximise synergies

Project data


Implementing organisation:
SNV Netherlands Development Organisation - Netherlands

Partner institution(s):
  • Ben Tre Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) - Vietnam, Ca Mau Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) - Vietnam, Tra Vinh Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) - Vietnam
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) - Switzerland

BMU grant:
€ 1,492,384

04/2016 till 02/2020


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