Details - International Climate Initiative (IKI)

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Western Caucasus World Natural Heritage Site – climate protection through sustainable forest management and decentralised exploitation of renewable energy sources in the newly created buffer zone

As of: July 2019

Objective and activities

One of the negative impacts of uncontrolled deforestation within the Western Caucasus World Natural Heritage Site is that adjacent villages are being ever more frequently affected by flooding and landslides. The project combined protection and sustainable use of the remaining Nordmann fir forests through the designation of a buffer zone with sustainable forest management and exploitation of renewable energy sources. In addition to avoiding climate-changing emissions, this guarantees a long-term income source for the population and reduces its exposure to impacts from climate change. Due to numerous implementation difficulties and unclear responsabilities on the partner side the project could not realize the set goals.

State of implementation/results

  • Project completed
  • The project's goal was to protect the largest European mountain forests through the creation of a buffer zone around the UNESCO world heritage site West Caucasus, to introduce improved and sustainable forestry management practices, to restore 5000 hectares of forest and reforest 500 hectares and to promote a sustainabloe economic development in the yet to be established buffer zone. Through this measures an estimated 1,7 Million tons of CO2-Emissions were supposed to be avoided from 2009 to 2020. However, the project could not achieve its goals because of political difficulties, constant changes in government structures and responsibilities in the region of Krasnodar and a lack of personnel capacities in the partner structures in the run up to the Olympic Gamers in Sotschi 2014.

Project data

Russian Federation

Implementing organisation:
Naturschutzbund Deutschland e.V. (NABU)

Partner institution(s):
  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment - Russia

BMU grant:
€ 1,890,741.60

12/2010 till 11/2014


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