Climate change mitigation through technology transfer in the transport sector

People of motorbikes

Picture: GIZ/Alejandro Garcia

The transport sector is already responsible for nearly 25 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions resulting from the burning of fossil fuels. Traffic volume is also continuously increasing in developing countries, and with it emissions. Yet it is possible to cut large amounts of carbon emissions at a reasonable cost through efficiency standards, intelligent urban development and public transport systems. South Africa, Columbia and Indonesia are keenly interested in approaches and technologies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. However, there is often insufficient know-how and resources for identifying, measuring and implementing nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) in the transport sector. The aim of the TRANSfer project, which is financed by the International Climate Initiative (ICI), is to leverage global exchange and technology advising services to ensure that decision-makers in participating partner countries are able to develop and implement climate change mitigation strategies in the transport sector.

Handbook on developing NAMAs

The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has developed a handbook entitled ‘Navigating Transport NAMAs’ along with a toolbox highlighting an array of technical solutions for climate friendly transport. The handbook describes all the key steps for implementing climate friendly transport measures – from the design phase to registration with the Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In Indonesia, Columbia and South Africa the TRANSfer project is currently helping partners use and test the handbook and the technology toolbox. On this basis the three partner countries are preparing NAMAs for their transport sectors. Some initial approaches have been identified, and in Columbia the project is already assisting the government in further developing a NAMA proposal to improve the national fleet of heavy trucks and the quality standards for fuel. The project partners compile and assess their experiences, which are presented at conferences and disseminated through project websites.

Making information available worldwide

This comprehensive information platform on specific reduction measures and potentials in the transport sector is breaking new ground. As a result of its close connection to the UNFCCC and the diverse case studies from Asia, Africa and Latin America, TRANSfer ensures that the results can be used beyond the framework of the project. Not only do the developed NAMAs directly reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but a climate friendly transport sector also improves energy security, transport safety and air quality, while increasing the attractiveness of participating countries to investors.