From 21 to 24 March 2011 government representatives from several Latin American countries met in Alajuela, Costa Rica, to launch a new initiative aimed at supporting middle-income countries in Latin America and Asia in the development of emissions reduction measures (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions, NAMAs). The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) is promoting this initiative within its International Climate Initiative (ICI). The Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) is carrying out the project together with the World Bank Institute (WBI) and the INCAE Business School. The partners have set up the Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN), which promotes the exchange of best practice between developing countries preparing NAMAs or seeking financial support for them.
The MAIN initiative aims to give participants in the project the ability to develop bottom-up climate mitigation strategies based on the experiences of other countries. In addition it provides information on how climate funding can best support effective measures. The initiative is developing guidance with key questions to assist the formulation of ambitious NAMAs. The experiences gained from the exchange will eventually be fed into the climate negotiations about NAMAs. The initiative is based on the principle of South-South exchange, with additional input from international experts.
The meeting in Costa Rica is the first in a series of regional and international exchange events and training sessions at which the relevant people from politics, industry, science and civil society come together to discuss and learn from one another on the formulation and implementation of NAMAs. The first regional meeting of the MAIN initiative in Asia will take place in the summer of 2011.