Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) measures focus on the capacity of ecosystem services to protect people from the impacts of climate change. The EbA concept is a human-centred approach that involves the use of biodiversity, natural resources and their capacities.
A stocktaking workshop was held at the International Climate Initiative (IKI) programme office, attended by the implementing organisations for the 'EbA flagship programme: Ecosystem-based adaptation in mountain ecosystems' supported by the German Environment Ministry through IKI. Two UN organisations - UNEP and UNDP - are implementing the successful programme together with the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in Nepal, Peru and Uganda. This was an international meeting with the goal of presenting interim results and discussing lessons learned that should also serve as multipliers for subsequent projects.
Using ecosystem-based adaptation measures, the programme is reducing the vulnerability of communities in the mountainous regions of the three countries. It includes a number of components and working levels: developing methods and instruments, applying these methods at the national level, and implementing pilot activities. In addition, the programme is developing national policy frameworks and setting up a cost-benefit analysis system.
This pioneering programme is seen to be setting an example, for instance by installing gravity-based drip irrigation systems in Uganda, or restoring natural springs in Nepal. Each year during the UNFCCC international climate negotiations in Bonn, there is an exchange of knowledge about topics to adaptation at the Adaptation Knowledge Days.