Global climate change conference begins

Logo of COP22

Logo of COP22 with Menara (botanical garden in Marrakech, Morocco): UNFCCC

Today marks the first day of the twenty-second United Nations Climate Change Conference in the Moroccan city of Marrakech. The Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change will meet until 18 November 2016, primarily to negotiate the rules for and implementation of the Paris Agreement.
The Agreement was adopted last year by all 195 Member States of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and entered into force on 4 November.
With this agreement, the international community made a commitment under international law to limit global warming to well below two degrees Celsius. It was also agreed that the world is to become carbon-neutral in the second half of the century.

At the nineteenth Conference of the Parties (COP 19) in Warsaw in 2013, Parties all countries agreed to specify their planned contributions to greenhouse gas reductions in the form of Iintended Nationally Determined Contributions’ (INDCs) for a new comprehensive climate agreement. The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) made EUR 5 million available to support partner countries in developing their INDCs. The International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the BMUB has assisted around 30 countries in the development of these since early 2014.
Now that the Agreement is coming into force, the signatory countries must deliver on their targeted contributions; this means that INDCs will become NDCs. In addition to mitigation targets for climate-damaging emissions, many (I)NDCs also include necessary adaptation measures as well as targets for restoring ecosystems.

In 2015 the BMUB set up the NDC Support Cluster as part of the IKI in order to provide developing countries with rapid and comprehensive support in implementing their NDCs. The Cluster initially consists of five IKI projects with eight partner organisations and total funding amounting to around EUR 35.6 million, which will support a total of 27 partner countries. The advisory services are divided into four thematic areas of work: (i) political and institutional landscape; (ii) sector strategies; (iii) financing;  and (iv) data and transparency. It fosters the close cooperation and regular exchange between project partners and organisations that have specialised expertise. They will identify priority sectors with the partner countries and adapt the measures to the respective needs. Furthermore, systems must be introduced for monitoring the achievement of the targets and identifying financing opportunities for NDCs. Mutual learning and the exchange of experiences will accelerate this process. ‘Front-runners’ can give newcomers important tips in certain areas of work, which facilitates interactions and expedites developments that have a global impact. The NDC Support Cluster is to undergo further thematic development and gradually expand its scope to other areas of the world.

The NDC Cluster will be supplemented at international level by the NDC Partnership, which is being launched jointly by BMUB and BMZ. The new implementation partnership will be introduced and officially launched at COP 22 in Marrakech.