IKI climate kick-off workshop on protection and biodiversity launched in Colombia

River in Colombia

The MIMAC project supports sustainable fisheries in the regions of La Guajira and Chocó and the implementation of pilot projects for ecosystem-based adaptation. Photo: David Fayad, Till Groth/GIZ

The first networking workshop for projects of the International Climate Initiative (IKI) in Colombia took place in Bogotá on 15 November 2019. Some 60 representatives of IKI-implementing organisations, the Colombian Ministry of the Environment, the Federal Ministry for the Environment and the German Embassy discussed potential synergies between the IKI projects and various ways of strengthening inter-project communication.

Colombia – an IKI priority country

To date, the Federal Environment Ministry has already supported 77 climate and biodiversity projects in Colombia through the IKI. 45 bilateral, regional and global projects are currently being implemented by more than 20 different implementing organisations. The projects are divided into four thematic areas: Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (19 projects), Adaptation to climate change (10 projects), Natural carbon sinks/REDD+ (6 projects) and Biodiversity (10 projects). The total funding volume of the current projects amounts to more than €381 million.

As an IKI priority country, Colombia has an “interface project”, which supports the sharing of experiences and information between the project implementers and communicates current IKI portfolio developments to the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The NDC Policy Program, commissioned in 2019, acts as the interface and also was responsible for organising the networking workshop.

Greenhouse gas emissions and resource consumption are major challenges

In recent years, Colombia has established itself as an important stakeholder in international climate negotiations. The country is striving to make a coherent and significant contribution to the Agenda 2030 implementation. However, high greenhouse gas emissions and heavy resource consumption in key sectors such as agriculture, transport and energy are also posing major challenges for the Colombian climate and environmental policy. Yet another important aspect is the sharp increase in deforestation. This particularly applies to the Amazon region, which accounts for 75 percent of the deforested land.

Participants at the IKI Networking Workshop

Colombia’s main planning and coordination instrument – the National Development Plan (“Plan Nacional de Desarrollo”, PND) – is therefore focusing strongly on the topic of “green growth”, which involves low-emission strategies and the strengthening of climate-resilient types of production. Colombia is also pursuing ambitious climate goals in all relevant economic sectors through its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) submitted in 2016. The 2030 goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20 percent (and as much as 30 percent with international support) compared to the business-as-usual scenario (BAU). Adaptation capacity is also to be increased nationwide, e.g. in the above-mentioned key sectors. However, the implementation of these goals is hampered by strong centralisation and the complex capacity situation of the public stakeholders involved in NDC implementation which results in coordination problems and delays in decision making.

Providing targeted climate and environmental support for Colombia

The broadly-diversified IKI portfolio in Colombia is tailored to the country’s climate and environmental ambitions and challenges. It operates at national, regional and local levels to achieve sustainable development. Various IKI projects support the Colombian government in the implementation of the NDCs, the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions and the National Adaptation Plans, making an important contribution to Columbia’s overarching goals. Other IKI projects are active in the areas of Green Finance, “Climate-Friendly Cooling Elements”, Sustainable Use of Ecosystems, Coastal Zone Management, Land Use Planning, Sustainable Agroforestry and Sustainable Transport.

Through its diverse approaches, the IKI portfolio provides the Colombian government with comprehensive and demonstrable support for its intended transformation to a low-carbon, climate-resilient society and for the achievement of its Agenda 2030 goals. In the future, cooperation between the projects in the portfolio will be intensified, which will coordinate actions and measures in an even more targeted manner. In addition to the annual IKI networking workshop, plans are also being made for various other interface activities in 2020, such as an IKI Newsletter and the regular sharing of information.