IKI’s annual report now available

IKI review of activities 2015-2016

IKI review of activities 2015-2016

The German Environment ministry (BMUB) has published the 2015-2016 review of activities on its International Climate Initiative (IKI). The programme funds climate and biodiversity projects throughout the world. Over the course of these two years it launched projects worth almost EUR 870 million.

The Paris Climate Summit played a decisive role in influencing project work during 2015 and 2016. The IKI played its part in enabling the world community to reach a groundbreaking agreement. Prior to the summit, IKI projects had helped about 30 countries to devise their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). Once the agreement came into force, IKI projects worked to ensure that the now binding Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are put into practice.

In all the fields in which the IKI operates – reducing greenhouse gas emissions, adapting to the effects of climate change, conserving natural carbon sinks and conserving biological diversity – there are examples of approaches that have been successfully implemented across the world.

The IKI project Waste to Energy, for instance, advises the Indian metropolis of Nashik on how it can produce energy from wastewater and organic waste and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. At the beginning of 2016, construction started on a pilot plant that can deliver 3,300 kWh electricity a day according to its future operator. At the same time around 4,700 tonnes of CO2 equivalents will be saved each year.

By the end of 2016, the IKI had already invested EUR 125 million in ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA), which involves restoring, strengthening and making the most of ecosystem services to enable humans and nature adapt to the impacts of climate change. In Asian and Caribbean countries, coastal communities are planting mangrove forests. Mangrove trees are able to adapt to the rising sea level by trapping sediment and then growing on the landmass that this creates, thereby creating a dynamic coastal protection system. In high mountain regions, meanwhile, local stakeholders are gaining experience of terracing, forestation and water retention. The IKI is recognised internationally as a pioneer in EbA.

The IKI also supports worldwide efforts to protect forests. Green Growth in the Heart of Borneo (HoB) is a cross-border IKI project focusing on a conservation and use concept for a pilot region in one of the world’s most species-rich rainforests. Heart of Borneo is the name given to a large part of the island with over 22 million hectares of forest in Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia. HoB is not only one of the areas in the world with the richest biodiversity. It is also home to, and a source of income for, at least 11 million of Borneo’s inhabitants, including one million indigenous Dayaks.

Protected areas play a key role in conserving biological diversity. They are also a natural and cost-efficient way of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to climate change. The RedParques Declaration on Protected Areas and Climate Change was signed by 18 countries in 2015 and highlights the importance of indigenous peoples and local communities in managing protected areas. The RedParques Climate Declaration emerged from one of the IKI’s projects and was mentioned in several sections and articles of the Paris Climate Agreement. 

One of the aims of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is to build awareness of the value of biodiversity. IKI projects and their knowledge platforms supported this aim during the reporting period. They also undertook the important task of quantifying the value of biodiversity in order to ensure that it is sustainably protected both on land and at sea. For example, an IKI project provided support for the Nile Basin Initiative set up by the 11 Nile riparian states to manage wetland landscapes of international importance on a trans-national basis. The aim is to protect the unique biological diversity of these rare ecosystems and to maintain their important regulatory and supply services.

The report also covers other IKI activities in the areas of environmental education and knowledge transfer, climate funding and sustainable urban development in the face of climate change.

Accessible PDF versions of the IKI 2015-2016 annual report are available to download in German and English at