Implementing the Paris Climate Change Agreement

Conference hall with the participants of the conversation and photogrpahers

Federal Minister Barbara Hendricks meets the Special Representative for Climate Protection of the Chinese Government Xie; Photo: BMUB/Sascha Hilgers

After two weeks of negotiations, the 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP22) in Marrakech came to an end on 18 November. Under the umbrella of ‘Action and Implementation’, representatives of more than 190 countries came together to discuss implementation of the Paris Agreement. The Agreement entered into force on 4 November 2016, a mere year after its adoption. The next Climate Conference will take place in 2017 under the Presidency of Fiji in Bonn, where the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is based.

The discussions and events at COP22 centred on dialogue on specific measures and projects to implement the Paris Agreement. With its Climate Action Plan 2050, Germany was the first country to present an ambitious long-term strategy aimed at achieving almost greenhouse gas neutrality by 2050. The US, Mexico and Canada also presented their climate action plans on decarbonising their economies.

Federal Environment Minister Barbara Hendricks commented: ‘The Climate Conference fully met our expectations. We laid important foundations for swift and ambitious implementation of the Paris Agreement. The transformation to a climate-friendly world agreed on in Paris is well underway and can no longer be halted. Climate action has long become a driving force for jobs and a guarantee for sustainable economic development.’

The new NDC Partnership launched by Germany and Morocco was very well received. This partnership will support countries of the South in achieving their nationally determined contributions, i.e. their national climate targets. It highlights the will to work together in a coordinated way to implement ambitious climate action measures. More than 40 countries and numerous international organisations have already signed up to the NDC Partnership.

The multilateral negotiations tackled the further structuring of the Paris Agreement’s goals for mitigating greenhouse gases, adapting to climate change and climate finance. The Parties discussed, among other things, how the NDCs under the Paris Agreement could be assessed and compared in a uniform way.

The industrialised countries reaffirmed their goal of providing USD 100 billion per year in climate finance from 2020. Further steps on this were adopted. Germany also further strengthened the Adaptation Fund by contributing EUR 50 million and made available an additional EUR 25 million for further adaptation measures. The Adaptation Fund finances specific measures in regions that are particularly affected by climate change.