Learning from each other - INDC peer exchange

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Since mid-2014 the International Climate Initiative of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment is supporting selected partner countries in the development of their 'intended contributions' (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, INDCs). Government representatives and international experts from around the world took part in the Berlin-based International Workshop on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) in April.  INDCs are the national contributions of the member states to the new climate agreement in which countries stipulate their own climate protection goals.  INDCs are regarded as a central element of the upcoming UN climate negotiations taking place in Paris, December 2015.

The total funding volume of all IKI projects supporting the development of the INDCs is around five million euros. This makes Germany the largest financial supporter for the development of INDCs in the partner countries to date.

An international workshop was hosted in Berlin from the 14th till the 17th of April, 2015.  Around 100 experts from 50 countries participated in this workshop and had the opportunity to engage in a comprehensive exchange. Participants discussed their experiences in the preparation of their INDCs and measures taken within the scope of the IKI projects. Member states that are still in the process of compiling their INDCs, had the chance to learn from the measures taken by other member states which have already submitted their INDCs, such as Mexico and the European Union. 

The response received was excellent. Syamsidar Thamrin, Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS), Indonesia: 'We were able to learn about, and also learn from, the various positions that different countries have. Seeing how others went about developing their INDCs has motivated us to get ours moving along as quickly as possible.'

The 3-day workshop brought to light certain factors that play a key role in the INDC process in individual states:

  1. Comprehensive political leadership driving forward INDC design and development, and linking the technical tasks with the political coordination and approval processes, is crucial. Some countries face substantial challenges in coordinating these processes and involving other key actors. 
  2. INDCs should already be embedded in existing national development strategies and targets so as to ensure political participation and implementation. They should, among others, also be linked up to existing systems for Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) or to Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA), Biennial Update Reports (BUR) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). 
    It is also indicated that the advantages associated with greenhouse gas reduction, such as the creation of jobs or improvements in air quality should be highlighted in the context of the INDCs.
  3. It is considered necessary to estimate the costs of CO2 reduction and financing in order to ensure actual implementation further down the line.

The event was organised by the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH in cooperation with the Partnership on Mitigation and MRV and the Programme Office of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). These programmes and projects are financed by the German Federal Environment Ministry (BMUB), the European Commission and the Australian Government.