10.10.2019

Mongolia advances in NDC revision

Group picture with the BMU delegation, representatives of the Mongolian Ministry for Environment and members of the national NDC Working Group; Photo: Mongolian Ministry for Environment and Tourism

Group picture with the BMU delegation, representatives of the Mongolian Ministry for Environment and members of the national NDC Working Group; Photo: Mongolian Ministry for Environment and Tourism

In August 2019, the Ministry of Environment and Tourism of Mongolia hosted the 3rd meeting of the National NDC Working Group to intensively discuss the preliminary scenario analysis results for all sectors and ongoing planning processes. In addition, the members agreed upon the timeline and responsibilities for the finalisation of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) update and revision process.

A delegation of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Protection and Nuclear Safety (BMU) headed by the Parliamentary State Secretary, Rita Schwarzelühr-Sutter, participated in the meeting. In her welcome remarks, Mrs. Schwarzelühr-Sutter underlined the relevance of all countries of the international community, including Mongolia, to take ambitious climate action but also the importance and challenges of a just transition process. She shared experiences of the German process to phase-out coal-based energy production.

State Secretary Rita Schwarzelühr-Sutter and the Minister for Environment and Tourism of Mongolia; Photo: Mongolian Ministry for Environment and Tourism

During the visit, the BMU delegation used the opportunity to consult with various representatives of the Government as well as non-governmental stakeholders, covering topics related to nature protection, environmental pollution and just transition towards decarbonizing the economy. The joint opening ceremony, together with the Mongolian Vice Minister of the Mongolian Ministry of Environment and Tourism, at the NDC National Working Group meeting underlined the appreciation of the ongoing cooperation between both countries and ministries in the context of environmental and nature protection as well as climate change mitigation. 

The main outcome of the current NDC revision process will be updated NDCs to be submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC), building upon in-depth sectoral consultations and planning results, increased awareness of decision-makers and stakeholders for the relevance of climate mitigation efforts, and the establishment of sustainable structures for future integrated climate policy planning. The revised NDCs will be based on an overview of current and planned policies, sectoral mitigation objectives, additional sectoral policies and measures, and a well-informed stakeholder engagement process. With this foundation, Mongolia is prepared to enter the process to further elaborate long-term strategies and respective long-term decarbonisation pathways in the future.

BMU Delegation visits the Terelj National Park; Photo: National Park Authority of the Gorkhi-Terelj Region

Since 2017, the regional IKI project “Capacity Development for Climate Policy in the Countries of South East, Eastern Europe, the South Caucasus and Central Asia, Phase III (CDCP III)” is cooperating with the Mongolian Government to advise the coordination and implementation of NDC-related obligations. The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, together with its partner organisation NewClimate Institute, implement the project on behalf of BMU. Additional to the advisory and logistical support provided throughout the entire NDC review and revision process, the Mitigation Scenario Modelling tool “PROSPECTS+” was piloted and applied to explore mitigation scenarios for the electricity and heat sector, including a first order estimate of a ‘Paris Agreement compatible’ emission pathway scenario range.