Mongolia has started to implement its NDCs

Wind farm in Mongolia; Photo: Tegshjargal Bumtsend.

Wind farm in Mongolia; Photo: Tegshjargal Bumtsend.

The Mongolian Government invited national and international decision-makers and climate experts to the National Determined Contribution (NDC) Partnership Forum in Ulaanbaatar. The aim was to jointly plan a synchronised, multilateral and cross-sectoral NDC implementation process in Mongolia. The country’s greatest challenge is to gradually reduce its dependence on coal as a source of energy.

On the first day of the Forum, policy-makers and renowned climate experts from the fields of science, government agencies and civil society in particular provided an overview of the consequences of climate change for Mongolia and promoted a discussion on priority approaches for addressing them. While Mongolia is heavily affected by the impacts of climate change, its per-capita greenhouse gas emissions are also very high.

The forum was hosted by the Mongolia Ministry of Environment and Tourism under the auspices of the NDC Partnership. While the first day of the event was dedicated to discussion and initial consultations between national stakeholders, the second day was used above all to share ideas and information with international partner organisations. Discussions focused primarily on issues related to international financing mechanisms.

The NDC Forum also provided an ideal platform for consolidating the bilateral partnership between Mongolia and Germany with the aim of meeting Mongolia’s obligations under the Paris Climate Agreement. Under the project entitled Capacity Development for Climate Policy in South-East Europe and Eastern Europe, the Southern Caucasus and Central Asia, Phase III, implemented within the framework of the International Climate Initiative (IKI), Germany’s leading provider of international cooperation services, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, is providing advisory services on implementing and revising the NDCs in Mongolia. The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) commissioned GIZ to support selected states, including Mongolia, in integrating climate action goals into national development strategies and, thus, into their relevant budgetary planning and legal framework. The Forum also served as an official kick-off event for this new cooperation arrangement.

Signing of project plan; Photo: Tegshjargal Bumtsend.

In Mongolia, the cooperation will focus on three core areas of intervention. Firstly, the project seeks to strengthen institutional and cross-sectoral capacities in order to promote the implementation of ambitious climate policy. Secondly, it aims to update the current NDCs, especially by including sectors hitherto not considered, and their implementation. For example Mongolia has not yet given sufficient consideration to the forestry and land use sector. Finally, the country will be supported in developing long-term strategies and adapting its NDCs by the year 2020 in accordance with the provisions of the Paris Climate Agreement. The project will support this process by providing advisory services primarily on energy supply and heating demand as well as their respective cost-benefit analyses, and on possibilities of implementation and investment. The aim is to provide the Mongolian Government with a basis on which to make decisions regarding long-term strategies that are grounded in sound and specific knowledge of possible implications and consequences of the various scenarios and their implementation.