One of the most widely discussed issues within the context of international climate negotiations are NAMAs - nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing and emerging economies. These are voluntary measures taken by governments to initiate climate-friendly change processes in individual sectors like transport or energy production, and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions over the long term. Within the context of the International Climate Initiative (IKI), the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) is now providing an additional EUR 1.9 million to support the second phase of a successful project aimed at the development and implementation of such NAMAs. Taken together with the first project phase, the overall level of funding is now EUR 3.8 million.
The new funding is being provided to a network for the implementation of NAMAs (MAIN), which the Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) has been helping establish since 2011 as part of an IKI project, and which encompasses a range of Latin American and Asian countries. Among other things, this has led to the development of a sustainable urban development approach in Colombia, which is now being implemented with funding from the NAMA Facility of the BMUB and the British Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC). As a pilot, a comprehensive urban development plan is now being further developed for the major urban centre of Cali with a focus on the transport sector that takes into account land use policy and public housing issues.
Within the MAIN network, CCAP is organising regional and global dialogue formats, among other things, which facilitate exchange among government representatives from different countries as well as with international specialists and representatives of finance institutions. During the project's second phase, these will increasingly focus on a certain sector and thereby grow more specialised. Building on this basis and with targeted advisory support provided locally by the project, the partner countries can develop new NAMA approaches and implement or expand existing plans. In this manner, the project will support the Colombian government, for example, in formulating its contribution to achieving the 2-degree target. First, however, emissions reductions from all climate change mitigation measures that are being planned and implemented in Colombia need to be analysed and compared. The project is also helping the network partners to raise financial support towards implementing the mitigation activities.
Through projects like this, BMUB is not only directly promoting greenhouse gas reductions in the partner countries, but is also helping advance international climate negotiations. The NAMAs developed by the partner countries provide an important contribution for building trust among states while at the same time demonstrating that the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is compatible with economic development.