Peru submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution

Truck driving through forest

Deforestation in peruvian rainforest. Photo: Thomas Müller/El Taller.Pe

Since July 2014, Peru has been receiving advisory support on drafting its INDC from the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH within the context of the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry of the Environment (BMUB). The INDC is receiving top-level attention, with President Ollanta Humala presenting the details in person at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York.

Peru is rich in biodiversity and contains the second largest area of Amazon rainforest; this is the fourth largest tract of tropical rainforest in the world. The country is considered to be extremely vulnerable to climate change and is facing increasingly frequent extreme droughts, flooding and glacial melting. But since Peru took over the COP presidency in 2014, its efforts in the fight against climate change are also increasingly being recognised in the public sphere. BMUB has been supporting Peru since 2008. The number of ongoing and completed bilateral IKI projects now totals 16 with a funding volume of nearly EUR 50 million.

Peru's recently submitted INDC focuses on the following activities. By the year 2030, greenhouse gas emissions are to be reduced by 30% measured against 2010 levels. Land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) are responsible for approximately 50% of Peru's greenhouse gas emissions. As a result, this sector is designated particular importance within the planned mitigation activities. Peru is planning to finance 20% of the reduction itself by using public and private funds. It is depending on international support, for instance the Green Climate Fund (GCF), for the remaining 10%.

Like other developing and emerging countries, Peru has also added an adaptation component to its INDC. The increasingly potent extreme weather event 'El Niño' is responsible for damages in Peru alone that total in the billions. Adaptation activities will therefore be promoted in five selected sectors in particular (water, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and health).

The activities conducted within the context of IKI project support include technical and policy advising for the Peruvian Ministry of Environment (MINAM) as well as other relevant ministries. In addition to the drafting of the INDC, support will also be provided for initial implementation activities in order to ensure the sustainability of the project's success.