08.07.2016

Preventing, controlling and monitoring fires in the Cerrado

fire fighter fights fire

Firebreaks for the protection of climate and biodiversity. Photo: Vanessa Oliveira/GIZ Brazil

The International Climate Initiative (IKI) project Preventing, Controlling and Monitoring Fires in the Cerrado has now set up a Portuguese website, cerradojalapao.mma.gov.br, which disseminates approaches, tools, work results and lessons learned from introducing integrated fire management in Brazil.

The Cerrado in Central Brazil is considered the world's most species-rich savannah area. It is home to some 12,000 endemic plant and animal species as well as the headwaters of the three largest river basins in South America, and it holds great socio-economic significance for indigenous and traditional population groups. With a surface area of more than two million square kilometres, it is almost six times the size of Germany.

In 2013, half of this surface area had already been converted to human use, and the annual deforestation rates were higher than in the Amazon rainforest. In the previous year, around 60% of Brazil’s land-use-related CO2 emissions were generated in the Cerrado.

By improving fire management and developing new systems for monitoring fires and deforestation, the IKI project helps protect the Cerrado as a global carbon reservoir and conserve biodiversity.
The German Federal Environment Ministry is providing up to EUR 12 million for the project through IKI. It is being implemented jointly by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and KfW Entwicklungsbank, and coordinated by the Brazilian Ministry of Environment (MMA).

The website, which is located on MMA’s server, will remain available after the project has come to an end as an information portal on fire management in Brazil and as a database for project results.