In the course of international climate negotiations, many developing and newly industrialised countries have committed themselves to reduce at least the rise of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions within their capabilities. Technology transfer and capacity building provided by the industrialised countries support developing countries to acquire the necessary implementation capacity. In this context, low emission development strategies (LEDS) and nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) are important elements in driving forward climate-friendly development. Among other things, LEDS help identify and prioritise areas for political and economic action and provide the strategic framework for sustainable, climate-friendly development. LEDS thus form the basis for the development of NAMAs. NAMAs are voluntary measures undertaken by governments of developing countries to reduce GHG emissions, for example in the energy or transport sector. In order to successfully develop, finance and implement ambitious NAMAs, all participating partners need to be able to refer back to models that were successful in the past, which they can both learn from and develop further. It is also important to measure, report and verify (MRV) the effectiveness of NAMAs.
A project of the International Climate Initiative (ICI) carried out by the Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP), Washington D.C./USA, promotes the design and implementation of ambitious NAMAs by identifying procedures and effective funding mechanisms as well as methods for MRV. The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) consists of various actors involved in the development of NAMAs like public sector actors from developing countries and donors. MAIN promotes the exchange of information on NAMAs and MRV between developing countries in Latin America and Asia. The project also focuses on the financing of NAMAs, pointing funders towards NAMA opportunities and engaging the private sector. Activities in 2011 and 2012 included a global policy dialogue on MRV and the financing of NAMAs, and regional dialogues with government officials and other stakeholders in Latin America and Asia to develop, present and analyse procedures for reducing GHG emissions. To support these discussions CCAP is developing and presenting case studies of successful models from various sectors and countries, and policy papers on key issues for NAMA development and implementation. Each case study explains how each NAMA ideally fits into a LEDS and contributes to it. With the support of the project, a number of partner countries are now preparing NAMA proposals using a standardised template developed by CCAP.
MAIN disseminates the experience gained. The network helps to develop international guidelines on the design, financing, implementation and MRV of NAMAs through peer-to-peer learning and knowledge exchange at regional and global levels. This ensures that the implementation level for developing and carrying out NAMAs is linked to the international climate policy process.