Climate Smart Cities

Dynamic urbanisation, rapid population growth, and changing consumer and mobility behaviour are posing challenges to India’s urban infrastructure. As key sources of greenhouse gas emissions, cities play an important role in national climate protection policy. However, local capacities are not yet sufficient to efficiently implement local climate strategies and/or urban development projects with an impact on the climate. The project anchored climate-friendly solutions in the planning and implementation of projects of the Indian government’s Smart Cities Programme. It advised the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), cities and federal states on climate-friendly infrastructure and urban development, the development of competencies of city administrations and training institutions, and on network formats. Furthermore, the project supported the German-Indian policy dialogue on climate-friendly urban development. The project contributed to the achievement of national climate targets and urban SDGs.

Project data

IKI funding
4,760,000.00 €
06/2018 till 11/2022
Implementing organisation
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Political Partner
  • Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) - India
Implementing Partner
  • Deutsches Institut für Urbanistik (DIFU) - Germany
  • National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA)
  • Technische Universität Berlin

State of implementation/results

  • Project completed.
  • The project led the Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework in cooperation with MoHUA and NIUA which is a monitoring tool for all 100 Smart Cities in the country with 30 indicators across 5 sectors. Through this framework, 100 Smart Cities are enabled to assess their status of climate adaptation and mitigation and target future projects and investments to the indicators. A help desk and an online portal have been established to guide and monitor the cities.
  • The project supported the national awareness raising campaign on climate change that was initiated by the Indian Ministry for Housing and Urban Development and the project pilot cities.
  • The three partner cities (Kochi, Coimbatore and Bhubaneshwar) were supported in the areas of stormwater management, green buildings and urban green spaces. Cities and their staff were assisted in better management of construction projects and demolition of waste. In addition, support was provided by developing concepts for improved waste management and studies on urban heat islands, which were delivered to the relevant authorities. A detailed drainage plan for flood-prone areas was prepared and presented to the Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation.
  • Indian partner training institutes were supported to conduct trainings on construction and demolition waste management, green buildings, and green urban planning.
  • To document and evaluate mitigation effects of climate-related measures, MRV systems have been developed to measure the extent to which greenhouse gas emissions are reduced by the solutions developed.
  • A new and certified online learning course on "Sustainable Construction & Demolition Waste Management" that is based on the project´s learning materials is available on the National Urban Learning Platform (NULP) hosted by MoHUA and NIUA (
  • In September 2022, the third meeting of the German-Indian Joint Working Group on sustainable urbanization took place.
  • Various products developed as part of the project (training manuals, guidance documents, and best practices) and the monitoring tool were presented at the national conference "Smart Cities: Smart Urbanisation" in April 2022.

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