Private Business action for Biodiversity

Private enterprise has an important role to play in countering contributory factors to the loss of biodiversity. This global project is supporting methods and instruments to ensure biodiversity-friendly production and marketing, and compiling the insights obtained for use by private- and public-sector actors. An initial orientation phase was used to identify promising approaches from agriculture and forestry, including capacity development, impact monitoring, management tools, traceability and financing instruments. The implementation phase focused on model-based field trials and the further development of selected methods and instruments, with priority being given to small and medium-sized businesses. A best-practice approach was applied to consolidate project findings for the use of private- and public-sector actors alike. The examples were also being used in consulting services for policymakers.

Project data

Brazil, India, Mexico
IKI funding
4,100,000.00 €
09/2016 till 12/2021
Implementing organisation
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Political Partner
  • Ministry for Agriculture and Rural Development (SADER) - Mexico
  • Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply - Brazil
  • Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) - India
  • Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) - Mexico
Implementing Partner
  • Global Nature Fund (GNF)
  • Union for Ethical BioTrade (UEBT)

State of implementation/results

  • Project completed.
  • The project investigates which instruments, processes and mechanisms are particularly suitable for promoting biodiversity-friendly production and marketing.
  • In mid-2020, a monitoring tool for biodiversity action plans developed jointly with the Global Nature Fund and the Union for Ethical Biotrade was presented to the public. It is now in the testing phase.
  • Key findings of the project were presented in an online seminar series organised by the Global Partnership for Business and Biodiversity (GPBB). (Link to the online seminar series:…)
  • Since 2018, the project has been working with the Union for Ethical BioTrade (UEBT) to set up a multi-stakeholder initiative on carnauba wax (Initiative for Responsible Carnauba) in north-eastern Brazil, developing good practices for the collection of the natural raw material and preparing them for the sector in the form of a guide and educational videos. Four local wax companies are supported in implementing the UEBT principles for improved social and biodiversity standards (as of 08/2020). (Link to the initiative:… , to the guide:… and to the videos:… )
  • A baseline study summarises key findings on socio-economic conditions and the state of biodiversity in the two main production areas of Piauí and Ceará (
  • On areas of the AmazonBai cooperative, where açaí berries are collected or cultivated in the Brazilian Amazon, the project, together with the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), is testing how to measure the impact of sustainable forest management on biodiversity and CO2 storage. (Further information:… and FSC certificate for biodiversity:…)
  • In India, the project has developed and tested "Biodiversity Action Plans" for the cultivation of spices (cardamom, nutmeg, pepper, cinnamon and chilli) in the biodiversity hotspot Western Ghats together with the Global Nature Fund (GNF) and other partners (www.…). These are tools that producers can use to plan, implement and monitor biodiversity-friendly measures. The guides can be downloaded from the IKI library. In early 2020, the Indian government officially launched the National Sustainable Spice Programme, which takes up recommendations and training materials from the project.
  • In Mexico, the project has analysed the costs and benefits of producing biodiversity-friendly agave distillates under the Bat-Friendly Initiative. This includes monitoring improvements in habitat protection for bats as agave pollinators. A market study on biodiversity-friendly agave products was completed in the first half of 2020 and will be used for further dialogue and cooperation with producers. In addition, the registration of the "Bat-Friendly" brand in Mexico was achieved with the support of the project.</li>


  • Current Project
  • Previous project
  • Follow-up project
  • Topic
  • Country selection

Related news


Increasing motivation for nature positive change

read more

Factoring biodiversity and the 2030 Agenda into recovery

read more
Close-up of a leaf of the carnaúba palm

What do gummy bears and biodiversity have in common?

read more
Photo: World Agroforestry/Rob Finlayson

Why financing is tied to the future of a biodiverse planet

read more
Biodiversity-friendly cultivation of spices in India; Photo: ©Charlotte Haeusler Vargas/GIZ

Manuals for more biodiversity in spice cultivation

read more
The project supports the ‘Initiative for Responsible Carnauba’, in which companies join forces to improve the production and purchase of carnauba wax; Photo: ©Louisa Lösing/GIZ

Producing and marketing - done in a biodiversity-friendly way!

read more