Project for climate policy and biodiversity in Thailand

Thailand is the second largest CO2 emitter in Southeast Asia and ranks 13th globally in terms of its vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. Ambitious targets in key sectors continue to be hampered by capacity and data deficits. Frameworks for action need to be further strengthened and synergies between climate and biodiversity harnessed. Therefore, the project supports Thailand in developing policy guidelines, tools, and M&E for climate and biodiversity action. Mainstreaming of climate and biodiversity objectives will be promoted in the marine, coastal resources and sustainable tourism sectors. In collaboration with government representatives and relevant stakeholders, the project provides policy advice and supports capacity development and inter-ministerial exchange. The project also promotes regional and international dialogues and acts as an interface between the IKI and the Thai government.

Project data

IKI funding
10,000,000.00 €
06/2022 till 05/2027
Implementing organisation
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Political Partner
  • Department of Climate Change and Environment (DCCE)
  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MoNRE) - Thailand
  • Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning - ONEP - Thailand
Implementing Partner
  • Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning - ONEP - Thailand

State of implementation/results

  • September/October 2022: two expert consultations to discuss and define climate sensitivity of the coastal and agricultural areas in Thailand. The results will contribute to Thailand’s NAP revision, aiming to provide more concrete information for local stakeholders to better cope with and adapt to climate risks.
  • A “National Capacity Building Workshop on EBSAs and OECMs” was hosted in cooperation with the Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative, the CBD secretariat, and ONEP (24-25 November 2022). Representatives provided and discussed updates on the status of Thailand’s marine and coastal resources, the concept and uses of EBSAs (Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas), OECMs (Other effective area-based conservation measures) and other area-based management tools, such as Marine Spatial Planning. The workshop also looked at Thailand’s policies and plans to strengthen biodiversity conservation in the light of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework and the 30x30 targets. The linkage between climate change and marine and coastal biodiversity, threats from pollution and human activities, effective stakeholder management, avenues for private sector involvement and options to mobilize citizen science were also addressed.
  • The project supported Thailand to disseminate knowledge and increase awareness through COP27 debrief event: From Our Talk to Our Walk (8. December 2022) and COP15 debriefing: Towards a More Nature-Positive World (30 January 2023). Both events aimed to inform relevant Thai stakeholders on the UNFCCC and CBD COP outcomes, explaining how they are relevant to climate and biodiversity policy and action in Thailand. Each event was joined by over 250 participants from governmental agencies, private sector, civil society, and academia.
  • The project plays a vital role in facilitating the dissemination of knowledge and increases awareness on international climate and biodiversity negotiations of relevant Thai stakeholders. In this regard, regular debriefing events are organized, including for COP 27 (8. December 2022) (climate), COP15 (30 January 2023) (biodiversity), COP 28 (20 December 2023) (climate). These sessions are designed to equip its participants with the ability to translate complex international political processes into clear and actionable steps at the national level.
  • The project adopted an integrated and inclusive approach to support the Department of Climate Change and Environment in updating Thailand’s NDC mitigation action plan. These plan serves as the framework for achieving Thailand’s 2030 emission mitigation targets. Through a series of workshops held in August 2023, the project facilitated discussions with participants from key carbon-intensive sectors (energy, transport, agriculture, waste and IPPU). The exchanges focused on implementing strategies and support needs to achieve the action plan’s goal. The insights gained from these discussions will also contribute to the development of Thailand’s NDC II (due by the end of 2024).
  • On 19 October 2023, the Climate, Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Project hosted the annual IKI Thailand Cooperation Workshop in Bangkok. The workshop fostered open exchange and networking between Thai and German political partners alongside project implementors. Around 30 bilateral and regional IKI projects showcased their achievements and ongoing work through a marketplace format.

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