Projects - International Climate Initiative (IKI)

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As of: July 2017

Climate Protection through Building Energy Efficiency - Baseline Study for Heating Energy Requirements

Objective and activities

The project created a fundamental basis for the energy-efficient renovation of residential buildings in northern China. Energy-efficient renovation reduces the demand for heating energy in this cold northern climate zone and is an important step towards curbing greenhouse gases in China. However, the means for financing these renovations are limited. A possible future source of financing is revenue from the trade in certificates earned through such renovations. The basic requirement for this would be the inclusion of the housing sector in the future national emission trading system (ETS).
In order to collect the necessary reference data (e.g. heating energy requirements before and after renovation, building type), the project conducted an extensive baseline study for existing buildings in northern China. Further activities included preparing renovation concepts for selected cities in northern China, building up capacities of relevant actors involved in energy-efficient renovation and carbon markets, and paving the way to include the building sector in the national ETS.

Follow-up project:

Training key climate change actors in the building sector

State of implementation/results

  • Project completed
  • Extensive data collection and subsequent classification of the residential building stock in three pilot cities (baseline study).
  • Renovation concepts for residential buildings drawn up in close cooperation with the three participating cities.
  • Extensive calculation programme developed for expected energy savings and corresponding CO2 reductions through renovations in the northern climate zone of China.
  • Calculation programme – in case the housing sector is included in the future national ETS in line with the developed methodology – enables the estimation of possible revenue through the sale of certificates earned from energy-efficient renovations.

Project data


Partner institution:

Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD)

Implementing organisation:

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Stockholm Environmental Institute (SEI)

BMUB grant:
€ 2,011,138.98

12/2010 till 09/2013


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