Projects - International Climate Initiative (IKI)

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As of: August 2015

Integrated Approaches for Developing Climate-friendly Economies in Central Asia

Objective and activities

The objective of the project was to support four Central Asian countries in developing a comprehensive climate policy framework that promotes low-carbon and climate-friendly economic development. It supported the Kazakh Government in developing a Green Growth Strategy. In the other four participating countries, project partners identified nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) which are ready for funding. The NAMA concepts themselves were developed, but also blueprints for mitigation instruments, such as energy-efficient building renovation or use of renewable energies in relevant economic sectors. These instruments can also be transferred to other countries and, to some extent, used in the development of NAMAs in other sectors. A further cornerstone of the project was the promotion of technology cooperation.The project increased the applicability and acceptance of NAMAs as a core element of the international mitigation architecture. As a new instrument within the context of climate negotiations, the exchange of experiences and cooperation at the national and regional level made a decisive contribution to further developing NAMAs.

State of implementation/results

  • Project completed
  • NAMA concepts in Uzbekistan (energy efficiency in residential buildings), Kyrgyzstan (energy-efficient local heat supply) and Tajikistan (greenhouse gas reduction through reforestation) completed
  • Kyrgyzstan: modernising up to 1,500 small heating plants should lead to an estimated reduction in sectoral GHG emissions of at least 38% and to significant improvements in the heat supply for approximately 60% of the schools, kindergartens and hospitals as well as individual residential areas in Kyrgyzstan; NAMA was adopted by the Kyrgyz Government and presented to interested investors
  • Tajikistan: Programme for the reforestation of 40,000 ha of forest within the next ten years and for a sustainable forestry developed and adopted by the Tajik Government
  • Uzbekistan: Programme for the energy-efficient renovation of 65 multi-storey residential buildings in Tashkent developed; implementation of the programme would decrease the buildings’ heat demand by approximately 40%
  • Kazakhstan: Development and presentation of the Green Growth Strategy supported:

    • A conceptual model for policy analysis at the sectoral and macro-economic level as well as a sectoral model for Kazakhstan's electricity industry co-developed
    • Different green growth options as well as the impacts of corresponding policies and instruments evaluated
    • Assessment of the effects of introducing a national GHG emissions trading system, as well as calculation of benchmarks for sustainable and economically efficient technology options in Kazakhstan's steel industry completed and discussed with the Ministry of Environment Protection and additional stakeholders

Project data

Europe, Caucasus, Central Asia supraregional: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan

Partner institution:

Ministry of Environment Protection of Kazakhstan, Ministry of Economy of Uzbekistan, Ministry of Energy and Industry of Tajikistan, State Agency on Environment Protection and Forestry of Kyrgyzstan, Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan, Council for Sustainable Development of Central Asia

Implementing organisation:

DIW e.V.

BMUB grant:
€ 2,875,000

12/2011 till 03/2015


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