Projects - International Climate Initiative (IKI)

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As of: November 2016

Harapan Rainforest - Pilot Restoration of a Degraded Forest Ecosystem on Sumatra

Objective and activities

The project supported the maintenance and protection of the 101,000 hectares of Harapan Rainforest in the Jambi and South Sumatra provinces. This project ensured that around 10-15 million tonnes of CO2 are sequestered over 30 years. This part of the Harapan currently represented a fifth of all remaining dry lowland forest in Sumatra and provided a habitat for countless endemic species. In cooperation with the indigenous peoples, the project partners conducted many different activities aimed at, among other things, combating the causes of deforestation and forest degradation as well as promoting forest restoration. Findings drawn from these activities provided important information to support the development of a REDD+ strategy for Indonesia and other rainforest areas around the world. This was the first and only project so far to implement the new Indonesian legislation on ecosystem restoration. As a pilot project, it can serve as a model for an additional 24 million hectares of tropical forests in Indonesia, which are currently not being actively managed or protected.

State of implementation/results

  • Project completed
  • Many tree nurseries established in which up to three million seedlings can be grown each year, a quantity sufficient for the reforestation of more than 2,700 hectares of degraded rainforest
  • More than 170 green jobs created for local people within the forest protection sector through, among other things, the production and sale of non-timber products
  • The production and management of forest products through new plantings was planned and approved by the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry
  • Local development supported through infrastructural activities, for example: establishment of two mobile schools for indigenous peoples, hiring of a doctor for their medical care
  • Contractual agreements finalised with local non-governmental organisations to support the project; Village Resource Management Agreements signed with local communities
  • Transparent local participatory and mediation processes initiated among different interest groups to settle potential land conflicts (particularly due to new settlers who conduct illegal logging and land grabbing within the protected area); in the case of conflicts that cannot be resolved through the mediation process, the project provides advisory support to the Indonesian Government on compliance with human rights when taking penal action against illegal land grabbing
  • Analyses and studies conducted on biological diversity within the forest
  • Awareness raised on the importance of forests and information provided about the project, for example through events at schools

Project data


Partner institution:

Indonesian Ministry of Forestry (MoF)

Implementing organisation:

Burung Indonesia, Yayasan Konservasi Ekosistem Hutan Indonesia (Yayasan KEHI); KfW (with the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Naturschutzbund Deutschland e.V. (Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union) and Birdlife International)

BMUB grant:
€ 7,575,000

10/2009 till 04/2014


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