As of: October 2016
Creation of a comprehensive framework for NAMAs and MRV in Viet Nam
Objective and activities
The aim of the project is to support the Vietnamese Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) in coordinating the implementation of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) that satisfy the international standards for measurement, reporting and verification (MRV). Viet Nam's greenhouse gas emissions are rapidly increasing, while at the same time the country is exposed to the impacts of climate change due to its long coastline. Within this context, the government of Viet Nam is pursuing a constructive climate policy approach in order to reduce the country's greenhouse gas emissions. With the project's support, Viet Nam is building up the personnel and institutional structures that are needed to successfully develop and implement NAMAs. Within MONRE, a new national coordinating and advisory body for NAMAs will provide support to the specialised ministries in the planning and implementation of the selected NAMAs, while also advancing the development of a national MRV system. To contribute to creating such a system, the project partners are developing an online platform that collects emissions data and information, and makes these widely available. The experience gained within the context of this project will be disseminated internationally through regional and global dialogue forums and peer-to-peer learning platforms, among other things.
State of implementation/results
- Different options of how to organize the coordinating and advisory body for NAMAs have been developed, and were discussed by the partners as well as consulted with various national stakeholders. The options paper for the institutionalization of the NAMA Service Center at MONRE is now available to be decided on by the Vietnamese partners.
- Based on a national prioritization process and on consultations with national stakeholders, the selection process of NAMAs to be developed within the project was driven forward, and it was decided to develop a Low Carbon Bus NAMA. National and international consultants elaborated important elements for the NAMA (e.g. the analysis of policy measures in terms of transport and climate policy, survey of financial needs, suggestions for pilot cities). The conceptual design has been presented and put up for discussion in Viet Nam as well as on the international level (e.g. COP 21). It is now available as the first Vietnamese NAMA-concept which is eligible for finance.
- Recommendations for the development of a national MRV system drawn up as part of the project are now available and will be discussed with the partners. In addition, members of various sectoral ministries and further relevant institutions participated in trainings with focus on the MRV of NAMAs.
- In preparation for the COP21, workshops were offered to the partners to strengthen their negotiating capacities in the context of the UNFCCC negotiations. Moreover, the project provided advice with regard to the conceptual and organizational design of the Vietnamese official Side Event and Pavilion.
- In 2015, the project focused in particular on providing thematic expertise for the INDC preparation and supporting the process of its elaboration. With the Paris Agreement (PA) the focus shifted towards support for implementation of the PA. To this end, the project assisted its Vietnamese partners in developing a strategic plan the PA implementation; according to the current Vietnamese political process, the strategic plan is to be approved end of October 2016 by the Prime Minister during a high-level event.
- Viet Nam hosted the regional workshop of the International Partnership for Mitigation and MRV which focused on the topic ‘Unpacking (I)NDCs – identifying, prioritising, planning and implementing mitigation and adaptation measures’.