As of: January 2017
Biodiversity and climate protection in the Mata Atlantica
Objective and activities
The project is contributing to the conservation of biological diversity as well as the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to climate change in the Mata Atlântica. For this purpose, protected areas across various regions, some of which are fragmented, are being protected and linked together. The areas are located in the back country of Rio de Janeiro, in the southern part of the state of Bahia, and in the coastal region between the states of São Paulo and Paraná (Mosaico Central Fluminense, Mosaico Extremo Sul da Bahia and Mosaico Lagamar). The project is working together with local communities to register small-scale landholders in a rural environmental land registry. In addition, the project is providing advisory support to the state environmental authorities on establishing reference centres to support the restoration of degraded areas. Development scenarios that include climate change and its impacts as well as vulnerability analyses are helping to identify ways in which the sustainable use of ecosystems can contribute to greenhouse gas reductions and climate change adaptation. These findings can then feed into the country's development planning. The project is disseminating lessons learned regarding the interaction between conservation of biological diversity and climate change adaptation through events and communication activities so they can be incorporated into policy approaches and fed into concrete measures for protecting and restoring the Mata Atlântica.
The project is also conducted by KFW Development Bank (with Fundo Brasileiro para a Biodiversidade, Funbio).
Conserving the Atlantic Coastal Forests
Biodiversity and climate protection in the Mata Atlântica
State of implementation/results
Among the three project regions, climate risks were identified through participative processes. Opportunities were designed through ecosystem-based adaptation strategies on more than 2.5 million hectares. Concretely, reduction and adaptation measures were implemented on an area of 50.000 hectares. A strategy to promote capacities in the field of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) was developed and is currently implemented, with a strong focus on the following aspects:´
- The development of Training of Trainer processes (ToT) with already more than 220 participants, including the training of 46 specialists selected to foster a multiplying effect
- Institutionalizing the EbA approach in several educational and advanced training institutions in Brazil
- The dissemination and use of the MARISCO-Method (adaptative MAnagement of vulnerability and RIsk at COnservation sites)
- Conduction of an online courses on community conservation plans of Mata Atlântica (PMMA), which already reached more than 600 participants
- Communication and knowledge networks
15 pilot projects are currently being implemented so as to adapt Ecosystem-based Adaptation in planning processes on a local scale, namely in:
- The community planning of Porto Seguro (community master plan, community plan for the conservation and restoration of Mata Atlântica)
- The management plan of the Canaéia-Iguape-Peruibe protected area
- The land use and urban planning in the community of Duque de Caxias
Experiences and implementation results on EbA were integrated into different policies on a national scale, for instance the National Adaptation Plan to Climate Change (PNA), the National Plan for Natural Vegetation Restoration (Planaveg), indicators to monitor the Brazilian National Biodiversity Goals or the new forestry claw (Código Florestal). Furthermore, the findings were by high government representatives at the occasion of various national and international events, such as the presentation of the Brazilian iNDCs at the UNFCCC COP in Paris 2015.
The annual Mata Atlântica report, among others, was published.