Funding area: Conserving biological diversity
Biological diversity is fundamental to the functioning of ecosystems and its ecosystem services that are vital for the survival of the human race and life on earth. These services secure our food supplies, regulate water resources and give us clean air to breathe. Nature helps us to reduce climate change and protects us from natural disasters such as flooding and landslides.
Biological diversity is also the basis for our health and wellbeing. Intact ecosystems not only have healing and recuperative properties: but are also a basic requirement for preventing the spread of zoonotic diseases such as Covid-19 by offering habitats and sanctuaries, and act as natural ‘crash barriers’ between humans and animals, so as to minimise the transmission of pathogenic organisms.
The conservation of biological diversity must therefore be a top priority for humankind. The conservation of nature and wildlife is an integral part of climate action. At the international level, the German government is working with other nations on solutions to this critical challenge, and is also a co-signatory to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Agenda 2030, with its 17 ambitious Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
With the Strategic Plan 2011–2020 and its specific targets for action - the 20 ‘Aichi Biodiversity Targets’, an integrated, comprehensive and ambitious programme was adopted by the Parties to the CBD at the 10th Conference of the Parties in 2010 (CBD COP 10). Published in May 2019, the global report from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) on the state of biological diversity and ecosystem services makes it very clear that greater levels of commitment and implementation are needed in order to counter losses in biodiversity. To achieve this, nations have come together to develop a new post-2020 framework for the conservation of biodiversity, which will be adopted at the next CBD COP in 2022.
IKI's approaches to conserving biodiversity
The International Climate Initiative (IKI) is an important element of the German government contribution to the international financing of climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation. Since 2011, the conservation of biodiversity has been a separate funding area within the IKI. Biodiversity is more vital in other funding areas than just as a cross-cutting issue, and this is reflected in many of the projects in these areas, that are also contributing to conservation efforts.
By providing investments, advice to governments, technology transfer and research partnerships, the IKI projects improve the abilities of both governments and civil society to implement the CBD in partner countries. A particular focus for this support is the drafting and implementation of national biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs). In this work, knowledge sharing as well as raising awareness and the participation of key actors often play a part in the effective and sustainable/long-term conservation of biological diversity.
Other focal points for the funding area include the conservation, expansion and connection of protected areas, the sustainable use of ecosystems, and reductions to the degradation, fragmentation and valuation of ecosystems. The concept of ecosystem-based adaptation to the impacts of climate change as well as the principles behind sustainable methods of production, biodiversity-friendly agriculture and sustainable fishing make up some other important thematic areas. Urban biodiversity and the interactions between city and countryside and their mutual interdependencies, is also becoming increasingly significant.
At a glance
From 2008 to the end of 2021, more than 300 biodiversity-related projects with a total funding volume of 1.3 billion euros were approved in the funding area "Conserving biological diversity".
Conservation of biodiversity aimed at achieving CBD goals in the northern regions of Russia by expanding and strengthening a network of protected areas adapted to climate change
Protected area management for biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation
Wetlands Management for Biodiversity and Climate Protection