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Growing smarter – sustainable mobility in East Africa

As of: January 2022

The rapid growth in African cities leads to traffic jams and uncontrolled urban sprawl – and the consequences are rising greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, urban poverty and climate vulnerability. The project helps to avoid this and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector at the same time by supporting public & non-motorised transport and urban planning in the target countries. It also supports the implementation of high-quality public transport systems in Addis Ababa, Nairobi, Kigali and Kampala and the expansion of the existing bus rapid transport system in Dar es Salaam. The integration of public transport with cycling and walking is being improved and urban development along transport corridors addressed. The project also promotes policy frameworks at urban and national levels, accelerating changes in the transport sector through quality standards, improved financing and other policy measures.

State of implementation/results

  • The ITDP Africa is participating in ITDP’s Global Cycling Cities Campaign, which aims to have 25 million more people living near safe cycling facilities. Under the campaign, the four project cities Addis Ababa, Kampala, Kigali, and Kisumu have signed on as Lighthouse Cities. They will receive technical support to redesign streets and adopt policies that support cycling in order to reduce greenhouse emissions, improve air quality and encourage mode shift away from private vehicle use.
  • From 16 to 17 September 2020, a virtual conference on public transport reforms was held together with UN-Habitat. The conference included presentations of case studies and discussions between industry leaders and government representatives on challenges, lessons learned and opportunities in the public transport formalisation process.
  • In September 2020 a publication on regulation and success factors in the development of modern bus transport operating companies with case studies from the African region was completed (…).
  • In October 2019, transport experts from the East African region attended the first regional conference organised by the project in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and exchanged best practices in sustainable transport.
  • Kenya:
    • In February 2021 the Kisumu Sustainable Mobility Plan was launched. The mobility plan is a ten-year roadmap that aims to foster increased access for city residents by prioritising walking, cycling, and public transport.
    • The project supports the implementation of the Kisumu Triangle Project that aims at improving non-motorized transport: improved streets will include wider footpaths, protected bike lanes, pedestrian crossings, and other street elements that will enhance the safety and comfort of pedestrians and cyclists.
    • Completion of a travel demand survey on public transport services in greater Nairobi as a basis for a public transport service plan.
    • The project supports the coordination of the location of affordable housing to the public transportation goals within the Big 4 initiative (food security, healthcare, manufacturing and affordable housing).
  • Rwanda:
    • In partnership with the City of Kigali and the Ministry of Infrastructure, a Non-Motorised Transport Master Plan for Kigali is currently being developed. Therefore priority corridors for footpaths, pedestrian zones, cycle tracks, and greenways will be identified.
    • Implementation of a feasibility study for Bus-Rapid-Transport (BRT) in Kigali.
  • Tanzania:
    • The project reviewed plans for an extension of the Dar Rapid Transit (DART) BRT system and for walking and cycling improvements.
  • Uganda:
    • The project currently supports the Ministry of Works and Transport in rewriting the Non-Motorized-Transport Manual to include acceptable NMT design standards. The manual seeks to establish national guidelines for the design of high-quality walking and cycling facilities in all urban and rural road projects.
    • In partnership with the Kampala Capital City Authority a service plan for the Kampala Bus Service was submitted.

Project data

Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda

Implementing organisation:
Institute for Transportation & Development Policy (ITDP)

Political partner(s):
  • Ministry of Infrastructure Rwanda
  • Ministry of Regional Administration and Local Government, President’s Office (PO-RALG) - Tanzania
  • Ministry of Transport, Infrastructure, Housing, and Urban Development (MOTIHUD), Kenya
  • Ministry of Transport – Federal Transport Authority - Ethiopia
  • Ministry of Works and Transport (MOWT), Uganda

Implementing partner(s):

BMU grant:
4.998.856,00 €

09/2018  till  08/2023


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