Climate and biodiversity policy during the war in Ukraine
The second IKI interface workshop for Ukraine was held on 27 February in Berlin.
Almost exactly one year ago, Russia invaded Ukraine and the country has been at war ever since. What are the implications for the projects run by the International Climate Initiative (IKI)? And how can work already start on a green reconstruction, given this situation?
These and other questions were discussed in the second IKI interface workshop for Ukraine. The workshop, held on 27 February 2023 in Berlin and as a virtual event, was titled “IKI Implementation in War Times – Underpinning Ukraine’s Green Reconstruction with Ambitious Climate and Biodiversity Policy and Action”, and saw Ukrainian IKI projects discussing these issues together with political partners from Germany and Ukraine.
Also participating in the conference was a delegation from the Ukrainian Ministry for the Environment, which included Ukraine’s Deputy Minister of Environment and Natural Resources, Mr Oleksandr Krasnolutskyi. Representatives of all IKI implementing organisations working in Ukraine were also in attendance. Germany was represented by the Federal Environment Ministry (BMUV), the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK), the Federal Foreign Office (AA) and Zukunft-Umwelt-Gesellschaft (ZUG) gGmbH as the IKI project management agency. The event itself was organised by the Ukraine Interface Project at Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.
Ukraine was one of the IKI’s first focus countries
The workshop was opened by Dr Philipp Behrens, Head of the International Climate Initiative Division at the BMWK, who emphasised the long-standing close cooperation with Ukraine in his keynote:
“This year, the International Climate Initiative turns 15 – and from the outset, Ukraine and Germany have worked together closely on projects supported by this funding programme. In the future, we are aiming to further strengthen this close cooperation with the Ukrainian government – particularly in terms of a green and climate-friendly reconstruction. I truly hope that the war in Ukraine can be stopped as soon as possible, thereby allowing us to tackle these challenges together within a peaceful Europe.”
In his speech, Oleksandr Krasnolutskyi, Deputy Minister of Environment and Natural Resources of Ukraine, highlighted the priority given to protecting the climate and biodiversity in his country, despite the ongoing war:
“I would like to thank the German authorities for the help provided to Ukraine. This has been offered on many levels: in terms of welcoming refugees and military aid, and also in the field of environment and climate protection. Even though the situation in Ukraine is very difficult at the moment, we already have to make plans for the future. Ukraine’s recovery will take place under the motto ‘Build back better, build back greener’. For this, we will draw on best practices from Europe. With initiatives like the International Climate Initiative, Germany is a leading country in this field.”
Strengthening of project work in Ukraine
The IKI has supported Ukraine since 2008 and will expand this engagement even further in the future. To date, the programme has supported 20 bilateral projects between Germany and Ukraine, with a total funding volume of almost EUR 100 million. This cooperation has focused on climate change mitigation, meaning that the IKI supports further development and ambition raising for the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and corresponding sector strategies. Energy efficiency in the building sector is the top priority here. Conservation and biodiversity are also addressed in the Ukrainian IKI portfolio but to a lesser extent.
The workshop offered participants a platform for in-depth discussions about IKI project activities in wartime. Topics of discussion included sounding out ways to use the IKI network to strengthen support in Ukraine.
Interface workshops – an established IKI format
Within its 14 focus countries, the IKI works together with ‘interface projects’, which help to make IKI projects in the respective country part of an integrated support strategy for transforming the country’s approach to climate and biodiversity. One long-established dialogue format is the concept of ‘interface workshops’, which are organised by the interface projects and normally held in the respective country.
As a result of the war in Ukraine, the country’s second interface workshop was held on the premises of Zukunft-Umwelt-Gesellschaft gGmbH in Berlin. This IKI workshop was a key agenda item for the Ukrainian delegation’s official visit to Germany.
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Zukunft – Umwelt – Gesellschaft (ZUG) gGmbH
Insights into the project work
- Accelerating NDC and promoting sustainable bioenergy, agri and land-use practices in Ukraine
- Supporting the implementation of an emissions trading scheme in Ukraine
- Low Carbon Ukraine (LCU): Advising Ukrainian decision makers on low emission policy paths
- Conservation of highly valuable primeval and old-growth forests in selected national parks in the Ukrainian Carpathians
- Energy Efficiency Support Program for Ukraine – EE4U
- Reducing industrial emissions protects the environment, climate and health
- Supporting the national energy efficiency fund and the climate-friendly reform agenda (S2I) in Ukraine
- Energy-efficient suburb in Lviv
IKI Country Call Ukraine
In a ‘country call’, the International Climate Initiative (IKI) works together with a partner government to develop topics for bilateral projects. In most cases, this more in-depth cooperation is a feature of work with IKI focus countries.