Improved ecosystem services and reduced vulnerability to climate change through ecosystem-based management and application of ecosystem values in two river basins in the Philippines

River basins offer habitats for endangered species while also offering a means of subsistence for people in the catchment area and beyond. Apart from a local supply of water, relevant economic sectors include agriculture, energy, healthcare and the environment. The project uses ecosystem-based approaches to support national strategies while helping to improve their coordination and integration. This reduces the number of at-risk households while also improving the availability and quality of water in selected river basin areas. The project provides innovative ideas for improving the fragmented water governance system while designing attractive ecosystem service segments for private enterprise. The earnings thereby raised are used to finance management and conservation programmes. Insights into climate insurance products are adapted to local requirements, and understood by regulators and the public alike as a complementary strategy for handling climate and residual risks.

Project data

IKI funding
4,600,000.00 €
03/2019 till 05/2024
Implementing organisation
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Political Partner
  • Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) - Philippines
Implementing Partner
  • Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) - Philippines

State of implementation/results


  • The project supported the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) in its efforts to improve the draft policy and instruments for the implementation of payments for ecosystem services (PES) for water use in watersheds. Consultation workshops were organised in the three major island groups in the country in November and December 2022 for representatives of relevant government agencies, the private sector and civil society. The updated draft policy was submitted to the DENR's Policy Review Committee in December 2022.
  • In November 2022, the project facilitated a learning exchange visit to the Cagayan de Oro River Basin for 26 decision makers from three major river basins. The exchange focused on ecosystem-based adaptation and payment for ecosystem services, involving the private sector and local people.
  • The project supported the 14th National Watershed Conference on 24-25 November 2022, an online event attended by 261 participants from all parts of the Philippines.
  • Trainings on Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) were conducted in October and November 2022. A total of 84 representatives from academia, civil society and relevant government agencies from 2 river basins participated and developed action plans to initiate PES.
  • In October 2022, the project conducted a training on natural resource accounting and payment for ecosystem services for technical staff involved in river basin management. 45 participants from all regions of the Philippines attended.

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