Promoting Ecosystem-based Adaptation through Mangrove Restoration and Sustainable Use in Thailand and Vietnam

The project promoted ecosystem based-adaptation (EbA) and mitigation by providing economic incentives for mangrove restoration and sustainable use by piloting projects and integrating results into provincial and national policies. EbA pilot projects took place in Ca Mau Province, Vietnam and Surat Thani Province, Thailand tested innovative financing that links climate change adaptation and mitigation, and sustainable aquaculture in mangrove ecosystems. Results were fed into national and provincial laws, regional learning and global dialogue on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+).

Project data

Thailand, Viet Nam
IKI funding
1,497,611.66 €
09/2012 till 02/2016
Implementing organisation
International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) - Switzerland
Political Partner
  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MoNRE) - Thailand
  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MoNRE) - Viet Nam
Implementing Partner
  • Mangroves for the Future (MFF)
  • SNV Netherlands Development Organisation - Netherlands

State of implementation/results

  • Project completed
  • Pilot areas in Vietnam and Thailand were identified, EbA business plans drafted and cooperation agreements with the regions completed (Vietnam).
  • The project supported the region Ca Mau in Vietnam towards the implementation of its vision of an “organic coast” (holistic approach for the conservation of mangrove forests with ecologically friendly certified shrimp production until 2030).
  • In January 2016 IUCN completed a regional social assessment in the Mekong Delta that showed that with organic certification shrimp farms can increase their profits by 20-26% in Ca Mau.
  • Contracts between 741 shrimp farmers and shrimp exporters (Minh Phu) have been signed. A decision for aquaculture PES (payment for ecosystem services) has been drafted for consideration by the prime minister (Vietnam).
  • Furthermore, the World Bank project “Integrated Climate Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods” (ICRSL), which seeks to replicate and scale-up the mangrove-shrimp farming approach in Ca Mau, was approved in June 2016.


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