Biodiversity conservation in the Central Annamites through ecosystem protection and land management
As of: January 2022
The karst region between Laos and Vietnam is home to one of the largest contiguous natural forest complexes in continental Asia. The region is also rich in biodiversity, but the wildlife is increasingly threatened by poaching, illegal logging and the conversion of forests (e.g. into agricultural land). The project supports a sustainable reversal of the trends towards forest degradation and species loss. To achieve this goal, it improves the monitoring of the illegal wildlife trade, provides incentives for the conservation of biodiversity and implements measures to reduce the illegal timber trade. In cooperation with the local authorities, models that were successfully tested in the previous project are being continued and expanded, including agreements with municipalities on species protection, municipal forest management and sustainable financing mechanisms for protected areas.
Avoidance of deforestation and forest degradation in the border area of southern Laos and central Vietnam for the long-term conservation of carbon sinks and biodiversity
State of implementation/results
- The project aims to expand the officially designated protected areas. To this end, meetings were held with relevant stakeholders and proposals were developed and discussed.
- In order to strengthen local patrol capacities, patrol teams were recruited and equipped, and trainings on patrolling, monitoring and species identification were conducted. In Vietnam, 201 patrols have been carried out so far on which 6,355 snares were removed.
- For improved biodiversity monitoring, for example, 42 camera traps were set up at a total of 21 sites in the Thua Thien Hue Saola Nature Reserve. Through this systematic monitoring, 22 mammal species and 16 bird species were recorded in a total of 3,120 "trap nights". To identify priority areas, two kilometres of attracting vegetation fences were also created in Saola, equipped with 100 camera traps.
- In Vietnam, the SMART Mobile Plan field test was started, a workshop on SMART was conducted with a total of 50 participants, and a Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool evaluation of each area was completed.
- To support the identification of illegal wildlife trade and inter-agency law enforcement, wildlife trade and consumption assessments were conducted in various cities and a policy on tackling illegal wildlife trade was finalised and signed.
- To support local and cross-border law enforcement capacity on wildlife trafficking, trainings on investigation of violations of wildlife laws and the identification of possible offenders were organised.
- In addition, activities were carried out to raise awareness and promote behavioural change among the population. A strategy and action plan is currently being developed.
- The project also prepared guidelines for Biodiversity Conservation Agreements, Village Development Funds and Biodiversity Offsets.
- Numerous activities have also been carried out to support volunteer conservation groups in communities, such as training courses on biodiversity and communication, study tours, mobile exhibitions or awareness-raising campaigns in schools.
- The awareness-raising campaigns, video clips and TV programmes, newsletters, website content and social media have generated considerable attention.