Developing capacities for climate policy in Southeast & Eastern Europe, South Caucasus and Central Asia
As of: September 2021
The partner countries are characterised by processes of transformation that lead towards an open market economy, and these changes offer the opportunity to integrate ambitious climate policy into national climate protection plans. To this end, the project is strengthening the capacities of public decision makers and institutions to implement the necessary planning in the pilot countries of Albania, Georgia, Moldova, Mongolia and Montenegro. Individual and small-scale measures (e.g. scientific studies, educational workshops) are also implemented to strengthen climate policy capacities. These measures are oriented on the needs identified in the framework of the BMU dialogue processes carried out with other countries’ governments in the project region. The national framework conditions for climate policy and sustainable economic development are also being improved in the pilot countries, and knowledge management is ensuring that learning experiences are shared with other countries in the region.
Capacity Development for Sustainable Energy and Climate Policy in Central and Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia
Capacity Development for Climate Policies in the Western Balkans, CEE and Central Asia
State of implementation/results
- First field of action:
- Georgia: Advice and support for the development of a national climate strategy and an integrated action plan, the revision of the NDC, the development of the National Energy and Climate Plans (NECP) within the framework of the Energy Community. Work on the climate strategy and action plan as well as consultations on the NDC update were completed. In January 2020, the Government set up a high-level “Climate Change Council”. At its first meeting on February 25, 2021, the Council adopted the draft updated NDC, draft Climate Strategy 2030 and Action Plan 2021-2023 for Georgia. The documents are expected to be adopted by the Georgian government shortly. The project supported the preparation of the NDC update and the action plan.
- Mongolia: Revision of the NDC completed; since November 2020 the development of an NDC Action Plan as an operational basis for the implementation of the updated NDC is supported; scientific studies (batteries, energy-hydrogen) for the further expansion of renewable energies are in progress; close cooperation with the Ministry of Environment and Tourism is pursued to develop climate protection legislation.
- Moldova: Revision of the draft law on air pollution control, taking into account the new provisions of the directive on national emission ceilings for certain air pollutants (NEC) completed; advice and support for the transposition of the EU Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), the approximation of the EU Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) emissions limitations Directives was completed.
- Albania and Montenegro: Advice and support for drafting of National Energy and Climate Plans (NECP) under the Energy Community; regular exchange of experts on the topic of modelling and analytical work in the context of the NECP development in the countries of the Western Balkans.
- Small measures to strengthen capacities for climate policies in the countries of the project regions in cooperation with, among others, UNECE "Pathways to Sustainable Energy" phase 1 and 2; BildungsCent e.V on environmental awareness in Albania through an environmental mobile for training and educational activities; OECD on sustainable infrastructure development in Central Asia, the Caucasus and the countries of the Eastern Partnership and on supporting a high-level regional policy dialogue to promote sustainable and integrative energy, water and land use policies in Central Asia; Michael Succow Foundation on the establishment of biosphere reserves in Armenia and Georgia and the organic carbon content of steppe soils in Ukraine; HU Berlin on carbon storage and climate reporting of land use in Central Asia; World Bank in support of Russia's Green Finance Mechanism; Wetlands International on standardized processes for national reporting of greenhouse gas emissions from peatlands; German-Kazakh University (DKU) on renewable energies and energy efficiency through a study trip for young scientists and young experts from Central Asia.