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Ecosystem-based adaptation on the northern central coast of Vietnam: restoration and co-management of degraded dunes and mangroves

As of: August 2021

The northern central coastal region of Vietnam is strongly affected by the impacts of climate change. Dense dune forests and mangroves used to protect the population on the coast from extreme weather events such as typhoons, which are becoming increasingly frequent. However, excessive deforestation has destroyed the ecosystems to a great extent, with the result that they can no longer perform this function. Together with selected local communities, the project is restoring the dune and mangrove forests on pilot sites. This demonstrates the feasibility of ecosystem-based adaptation measures (EbA), which not only protect the population but also bolster livelihoods through sustainable business models that use the restored mangroves. The insights and approaches gained through the project are intended to serve both as a reference and to support political and non-state stakeholders involved in the implementation and expansion of EbA measures.

State of implementation/results

  • Supporting the implementation of Vietnam's coastal climate adaptation and resilience goals are unprecedented dune and estuary restoration approaches - using only adapted native tree and mangrove species (approximately 15 species, some endemic and IUCN Red List species such as Shorea Falcata).
  • By year-end 2020, the main indicator was achieved, the restoration of 500 ha of degraded coastal protected forests in a community-based approach with local communities.
  • Through EEA and successful implementation, the project enjoys high visibility and receives numerous requests from communities and local governments for support (mainly pilot and training plots, planting and management training, and seedlings). Specifically, the provincial governments of three coastal provinces in southern Vietnam (Phu Yen, Quang Nam, and Quang Ngai) have asked IREN and UNIQUE to pilot the EbA approach with them.
  • In addition, several international initiatives have indicated strong interest in collaborating on various project approaches (Terra-formation Inc. to establish a "state of the art" tree nursery; Trees For All NL and Reforest'Action on respective "Tree Donations").
  • Some of the 320 ha of sand dune forests planted in 2019 were severely damaged at the turn of 2020-2021 due to extreme typhoons. The partial regeneration of individual tree species that can be observed underscores the exceptional adaptive abilities of native tree species to these extreme sites, and the approach as a whole.

Further Links

Project data

Viet Nam

Implementing organisation:
UNIQUE forestry and land use GmbH

Political partner(s):
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) - Viet Nam
  • Quang Tri Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) - Viet Nam

Implementing partner(s):
  • Institute of Resources and Environment of Huế University (IREN) - Viet Nam
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) - Viet Nam

BMU grant:
1.879.538,95 €

04/2018  till  03/2022


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