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Harnessing the potential of trees on farms for meeting national and global biodiversity targets

As of: September 2020

Objective and activities

Agriculture, including rangelands, covers > 30% of land, with trees being an integrated part of most small holdings. Using multi-stakeholder, risk-informed, evidence-based decision-making approaches, the project increases knowledge for gov. and others of the importance of Trees on Farms (TonF) for biodiversity and human wellbeing. Through the Sentinel Landscapes network, the project will provide tools/training to assess country-specific biodiversity functions of TonF. Integrating indigenous and local knowledge will provide farmers and governments with information on tree-based interventions that contribute to biodiversity and provide co-benefits such as mitigation/adaptation, sustainability, improved livelihoods. The project will support integration of sustainable management and agricultural biodiversity into policy by facilitating the implementation of policy instruments and financial mechanisms following the BIOFIN workbook, and engaging financial actors via innovation platforms.

State of implementation/results

  • ‘Trees on farms’ targets have been developed and agreed in key agricultural landscapes in Peru, Honduras, Indonesia, Rwanda and Uganda.
  • A tool has been developed to quantify the contribution of trees on farms to i) in-situ conservation; ii) landscape connectivity; and iii) enhancing ecosystem services.
  • Farm inventories are well advanced in Uganda, Honduras and Rwanda to collect the evidence base for the contribution of trees on farms.
  • We are contributing to the revision of AT7 indicators — which treat forest and agriculture as independent land-use systems — by actively engaging with the Open-ended Working Group on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework and working closely with the CBD focal points in all five countries.
  • The integration of behavioural experiments in the design of policies and interventions to support restoration programs is supporting governments in achieving AT7 and its successor in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.
  • The first IKI biodiversity financing global-learning and knowledge-exchange event was held in Bonn with private- and public-sector financing experts from six IKI projects about directing investments into biodiversity-friendly food production.
  • Trees on farms are being recognized in the sixth country reports to CBD for their contribution to biodiversity conservation and landscape restoration.
  • Read key stories of our work:
  • FEATURE INTERVIEW: Nature-based solutions for restoration of Uganda’s degraded land
  • FEATURE: Why financing is tied to the future of a biodiverse planet
  • Can we grow our way out of the charcoal crisis
  • Why massive effort needs to be put into growing trees on farms

Further Links

Project data

Honduras, Indonesia, Peru, Rwanda, Uganda

Implementing organisation:
International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF))

Partner institution(s):
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources (MINAGRI) - Rwanda, Ministry of Environment (MINAM) - Peru, Ministry of Environment - Honduras, Ministry of Environment and Forestry - Indonesia, National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) - Uganda, National Institute for Forest Development and Conservation - Honduras, Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA), Secretariat for Agriculture and Livestock - Honduras, State Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) - Indonesia
  • CATIE - Costa Rica,Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR),Georg-August-Universität Göttingen - Germany,International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) - Switzerland,Leibniz Universität Hannover

BMU grant:
5.876.326,00 €

12/2017  till  11/2021


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