Integrated air quality management (AQM) and climate change mitigation in the framework of the World Bank’s Pollution Management and Environmental Health (PMEH) Programme
As of: September 2021
Air pollution is responsible for the deaths of millions of people worldwide every year. Fine particles emitted by the industry and transport sectors belong to the category of short-lived climate pollutants, which together account for around 40 percent of global heating. Together with partner cities, the project developed integrated Clean Air Plans (CAPs) and mitigation plans for greenhouse gas emissions. The project complemented the World Bank’s PMEH programme with skill-building and resource development, and by establishing organisations and standards. Emissions inventories and air measurements were used to improve the data sets used as input for CAPs. The project also reviewed legal frameworks and selected municipal land use plans and suggested appropriate changes. Further training for key stakeholders and knowledge transfer between Germany and PMEH partner countries helped to support CAP development and mitigation measures in other PMEH partner countries.
State of implementation/results
- Project completed.
- On 07.09.2020 the project organized together with UNEP the first „International Day of Clean Air for blue skies“. Hanoi supported the day through a TV discussion and a pledge challenge. South Africa participated via an awareness raising campaign.
- Clean air and climate change have been integrated in educational work with children in Townships of Johannesburg. The clean air plan for Tshwane was finalized and is currently discussed at the city council.
- A feasibility study regarding small-scale biogas production in townships in Tshwane was produced.
- Hanoi´s Hoan Kiem district was supported in the implementation of an immediate action plan for clean air. More than 150 local agents were trained.-- The Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment prepared in cooperation with the project a report on clean air in Viet Nam.
- The Ministry for environmental affairs in Viet Nam reflected, due to the project´s support, for the first time clean air in the revision of the law on environmental protection. A revision of the national action plan for clean air 2025 was also supported by the project. --Johannesburg, Tshwane and Hanoi received support by the Stockholm Environment Institute in the modelling of their emissions and in the development of mitigation measures.