Mainstreaming Biodiversity into the Mexican Agricultural Sector
As of: April 2021
Mexico is one of the most biodiverse regions in the world. Yet this biological diversity is being threatened by factors such as agricultural usage. To date, there has been a major lack of subsidies and incentive schemes that promote environmentally sound agriculture. This project therefore attempts to incorporate the value of biodiversity and ecosystem services into decisions and planning instruments of key public and private actors. The project team is working with many different partners to integrate instruments for biodiversity conservation and to promote sustainable land use practices into selected agricultural production systems and value chains. In selected regions, the project will also be trialling novel incentives to encourage sustainable land use. The results obtained will then be shared with relevant agricultural stakeholders throughout Mexico.
State of implementation/results
- The project advised the Mexican ministry of agriculture (SADER) on the biodiversity integration strategy
- First excursions to potential pilot regions took place in order to identify case studies for integrating biodiversity into productive sector both on a small scale, for instance regarding the cultivation of corn, but also into commercial farming processes such as wheat production. Criteria to select pilots were defined based on SAGARPA’s biodiversity strategy.
- With support of the project, the establishment of the “Center for the integration of biodiversity in the SAGARPA” helped to institutionalize the topic “mainstreaming biodiversity into the agricultural sector”. The center is intended to stimulate the intersectoral communication for a sustainable development of the agricultural sector. The Centre will also implement the agreement between the Mexican Ministry of Agriculture and the Mexican Ministry of Environment, under which agricultural subsidies will no longer contribute to the expansion of agricultural land into protected areas and areas with natural vegetation.
- The initiative “Biodiversity and Agriculture” (TEEBAgriFood Mexico) has been launched in February 2019 with the participation of 20 institutions from the agricultural, environ-mental and health sector. In a participatory process, the fo-cus areas agro-silvo-pastoral systems and corn production (comparative study of externalities of industrial vs. tradi-tional production) have been selected as political priorities.
- A multidisciplinary research institution will be selected in 2019 in order to carry out the study for about 12 months. Interim results on the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the Mexican agricultural sector are expected by May 2020.