Mainstreaming Biodiversity into the Mexican Agricultural Sector
As of: August 2020
Objective and activities
The project’s objective is the integration of the value of biodiversity and ecosystem services into decision-making and planning instruments of public and private key actors in the Mexican agricultural sector and to gain concrete experiences at the federal level. Jointly with public and private actors, research institutes, FAO and UNEP, instruments for the protection of biodiversity and the promotion of sustainable land use practices will be piloted and integrated into selected agricultural production systems und value chains. Lessons learned, raised from analyses,conceptualisation, and application of positive incentives for the promotion of sustainable land use practices, will be embedded in public policies and in practical examples in the pilot states. This project promotes inter-sectoral dialogue and generates concrete examples for the integration of biodiversity in agriculture, which feed into the international debate.
State of implementation/results
- The project advised the Mexican ministry of agriculture (SADER) on the biodiversity integration strategy
- First excursions to potential pilot regions took place in order to identify case studies for integrating biodiversity into productive sector both on a small scale, for instance regarding the cultivation of corn, but also into commercial farming processes such as wheat production. Criteria to select pilots were defined based on SAGARPA’s biodiversity strategy.
- With support of the project, the establishment of the “Center for the integration of biodiversity in the SAGARPA” helped to institutionalize the topic “mainstreaming biodiversity into the agricultural sector”. The center is intended to stimulate the intersectoral communication for a sustainable development of the agricultural sector. The Centre will also implement the agreement between the Mexican Ministry of Agriculture and the Mexican Ministry of Environment, under which agricultural subsidies will no longer contribute to the expansion of agricultural land into protected areas and areas with natural vegetation.
- The initiative “Biodiversity and Agriculture” (TEEBAgriFood Mexico) has been launched in February 2019 with the participation of 20 institutions from the agricultural, environ-mental and health sector. In a participatory process, the fo-cus areas agro-silvo-pastoral systems and corn production (comparative study of externalities of industrial vs. tradi-tional production) have been selected as political priorities.
- A multidisciplinary research institution will be selected in 2019 in order to carry out the study for about 12 months. Interim results on the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the Mexican agricultural sector are expected by May 2020.