Protected area management for biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation
As of: October 2021
Two strategic objectives of the Aichi 2020 targets are to safeguard ecosystems, species and genetic diversity and to increase the resulting benefits for the entire human race. The project supports these twin objectives through the improved governance of protected areas. To this end, it is building up knowledge and capacities for better management of the areas concerned, and developing the “IUCN Green List” as an international standard. The new methods help to protect key areas of biodiversity and for important ecosystem services, helping adapt to the consequences of climate change. The project compiles and disseminates a worldwide portfolio of case studies documenting successful management. Through the IKI Corona Response Package, solutions for a "One Health" approach are integrated into the work with each partner country. Project results are shared to help frame dialogue on the new Post 2020 Global Framework for Biodiversity.
State of implementation/results
- In the official final report of COP 13, the IUCN Green List Standard is recommended as a voluntary standard for Parties to the CBD to adopt in order to measure progress against Aichi Target 11.
- The IUCN Green List Awards were celebrated on 24 November 2018 during COP 14 in Egypt, at which newly added protected areas to the IUCN Green List were announced.-- In 2020 to date, and in 2019, a total of nine new sites were admitted to the IUCN Green List, for a total of 49 sites in 15 countries today. In 2020, all four project countries – Colombia, Kenya, Peru and Viet Nam – have new sites on the IUCN Green List, through direct support from the Project. In 2021, at least 20 more new sites are expected to be added to the IUCN Green List, including from project countries (IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas: iucngreenlist.org).
- Major progress in the development of the PANORAMA partnership governance structure: IUCN and GIZ commit to act as managing partners with broader institutional engagement from UN Environment, GRID-Arendal, Rare, IFOAM – Organics International, and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
- The project published an IUCN Green List ‘User Manual’ to guide implementation of the global standard in partner countries with participating protected areas.
- Each of the four project countries have Expert Assessment groups for the Green List trained to evaluate protected and conserved areas against the IUCN Green List Standard on good governance and successful conservation.
- In Colombia, Peru, Kenya, and Vietnam, governance assessment processes and associated site-level action plans have contributed to 11 protected areas achieving IUCN Green List status, and 18 protected areas in IUCN Green List applicant and candidate phases.
- A new IUCN Green List website demonstrating all implementing countries and sites (including project countries and sites) has been launched in 2020 and continues to be developed in 2021.
- In the course of the Corona Response Package, the development of alternative financing options for protected areas is expected.