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Support of Green Economy in Kazakhstan and Central Asia for a low-carbon economic development

As of: January 2021

In addition to its other NDC objectives, Kazakhstan has also set itself the goal of increasing its energy and resource efficiency in the industrial sector. This will be an important milestone en route to a resource-saving, low-carbon and socially inclusive economy. The project supports its political partners in improving the institutional and technical conditions for implementing the national Green Economy strategy. It advises the Ministry of Environment and other relevant governmental and non-governmental bodies and organisations on the design of policy measures for the implementation of the Green Economy concept. The project also strengthens the dialogue between government, civil society and the private sector for the implementation of Green Economy policies, especially in the field of energy and resource efficiency. It also uses national and regional forums to disseminate results and learning experiences among key stakeholder groups in Kazakhstan and neighbouring countries.

State of implementation/results

  • In order to increase the partners' capacity to implement the green economy concept, the project accompanies the development of various concerted policies. These include the strategy for low-carbon development until 2050 (long-term strategy), the EcoCode and concrete policy instruments. The project also analyses the impact of global decarbonisation on the Kazakh economy.
  • The project focuses on strengthening the knowledge and skills of ministries and subordinate authorities in the design and impact assessment of ambitious policy measures.
  • To this end, the project handed over to the implementing partners Zhasyl Damu and ERI specialised software packages for macroeconomic and sectoral modelling.
  • Experts from both organisations also took part in a two-week training course on macroeconomic modelling in August 2020, which was conducted by the renowned EcoMod Institute.
  • In parallel, experts from DIW ECON together with ERI and Zhasyl Damu developed six macroeconomic and sectoral models for policy impact assessment. The models were completed by 31.08.20 and will be integrated into a hybrid model by the end of October. First modelling results of the long-term strategy were successfully presented to the Minister of Environment, Magzum Mirzagaliev, on 25.08.20.
  • The new draft of the EcoCodes includes two main consulting contents of the project. In August 2020, the project's suggestions for improvement, which had already been developed in 2019, were incorporated into the current draft with only a few exceptions.
  • On 20.09.20, the project also presented comments on the current draft of the regulations for integrated environmental permits based on Best Available Techniques as well as on the taxonomy of government support for investments in green technologies.
  • In order to integrate the interests of stakeholders from politics, business and society into the policy measures, various dialogue formats were held
  • In May/June 2020, following the public presentation on 05.03.20, a total of 21 ministries and associations commented on the narratives of the long-term strategy. This was followed by around twelve consultations with ministries in June/July 20 to validate potential policies and technologies for ambitious decarbonisation scenarios.
  • From 10 to 12 March 20, a KnowlEdge expert together with 85 sector experts from industry, ministries and academia examined current barriers to decarbonisation in the coal, transport, building and agricultural sectors.
  • With the support of experts from Metroeconomica, the project also initiated a dialogue between the ministry and industry on financing instruments for the promotion of green technologies. The kick-off seminar took place in September 2020.

Project data

Country:
Kazakhstan

Implementing organisation:
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Political partner(s):
  • Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Implementing partner(s):
  • Ministry of Environment and Water Resources - Kazakhstan
  • Ministry of National Economy – Kazakhstan
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) - Kazakhstan

BMU grant:
4.500.000,00 €

Duration:
09/2018  till  08/2021




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