Support of Green Economy in Kazakhstan and Central Asia for a low-carbon economic development
As of: October 2021
In addition to its other NDC objectives, Kazakhstan has also set itself the goal of increasing its energy and resource efficiency in the industrial sector. This will be an important milestone en route to a resource-saving, low-carbon and socially inclusive economy. The project supports its political partners in improving the institutional and technical conditions for implementing the national Green Economy strategy. It advises the Ministry of Environment and other relevant governmental and non-governmental bodies and organisations on the design of policy measures for the implementation of the Green Economy concept. The project also strengthens the dialogue between government, civil society and the private sector for the implementation of Green Economy policies, especially in the field of energy and resource efficiency. It also uses national and regional forums to disseminate results and learning experiences among key stakeholder groups in Kazakhstan and neighbouring countries.
State of implementation/results
- To increase the capacity of partners to implement the Green Economy concept, the project accompanied the development of several concerted policies. These include the Low Carbon Development Strategy to 2050 (long-term strategy), the EcoCodex, integrated environmental permits for industry, and the Best Available Techniques (BAT) standard for energy efficiency in industry. In addition, the project analysed the impact of the planned EU carbon border adjustment on the Kazakh economy.
- In the context of the long-term strategy, the project discussed the narrative of the long-term strategy in numerous multi- and bilateral consultations with relevant ministries as well as representatives of business and civil society. This includes the decarbonisation scenarios, policy interventions and infrastructure and technology park transformations necessary for decarbonisation. DIW ECON worked with local partners to develop six macroeconomic and sectoral models to model the long-term strategy. The models were integrated into a hybrid model at the end of 2020.
- In addition, the project continued to consult on the EcoCodex. Having already commented on chapters relevant to climate change and green technologies in 2019, the project provided intensive support to the Committee on Environmental Regulation and Control (KERK) in October 2021 in responding to all parliamentary questions on regulations in the EcoCodex relevant to integrated environmental permits. Parliament adopted the EcoCodex with key advisory content from the project in October 2020.
- The project, in collaboration with UN PAGE, also prepared draft legislation to regulate environmental permits for industry. The first draft was sent to KERK in November 2020 together with a policy impact assessment. Stakeholder consultations on the draft law took place in February 2021.
- Last but not least, in September 2021, the project started consulting the International Centre for Green Technology and Investment on the elaboration of a BAT standard in the field of energy efficiency. The corresponding working group met for the first time in February 2021.
- The project used various national dialogue platforms to discuss long-term decarbonisation of the country, energy efficiency in industry, Integrated Environmental Permitting, and Economic Incentives for Investment with a broad group of technical experts. In addition, at the end of 2020, the project actively participated in the regional conferences "Renpower Central Asia Investors 2020", "Green Energy Central Asia" and the "Climate Talks" with expert presentations on best practice experiences in the field of decarbonisation in order to provide impulses for decarbonisation in other Central Asian countries.