The IKI as an integral part of the international climate and species protection policy

The International Climate Initiative (IKI) is an important part of the German government international climate finance commitment. Since 2022,the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK) has been the lead ministry for the IKI. The funding program cooperates with its founding ministry, the Federal Ministry for Environment Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection (BMUV), as well as the Federal Foreign Office nad is jointly supporting the international financing of climate protection and biodiversity.

The IKI operates within the framework of various international agreements. We present a selection here in a brief overview.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental agreement aimed at slowing down man-made global warming and mitigating its consequences. The UNFCCC was established in 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro and entered into force two years later. With 195 countries, almost all of the countries in the world have since ratified the UNFCCC.

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New Urban Agenda (UN Habitat)

Logo "Implementing the NEw Urban Agenda"

The New Urban Agenda (NUA) was adopted in October 2016 at the third UN Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) in Quito, Ecuador. The directive aims to achieve sustainable urban development.

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Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is the most comprehensive, binding international agreement regarding nature conservation and the sustainable use of natural resources. The number of participating nations stands at over 190. The CBD was launched in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and entered into force at the end of 1993. The signatories have set themselves the goal of protecting and preserving the diversity of life on earth, organising its sustainable use in such a way that as many people as possible can earn their livelihoods from it, both today and in the future.

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2030 Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs

Logo "Sustainable Development Goals"

In 2015, the 2030 Agenda created the foundation for combining economic progress with social justice and ecological boundaries over 15 years. The Agenda’s core elements are the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs), which address all three dimensions of sustainability, namely the social, environmental and economic aspects.

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Paris Climate Protection Agreement

At the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris in December 2015 (UNFCCC COP 21), a global, legally binding climate protection agreement was adopted for the first time and signed by over 190 countries. The action plan aims to limit global warming to below 2°C.

The Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) of the signatories are the core of the Paris Agreement. They contain the national emission reduction targets up to the year 2030, which should be communicated internationally and regularly adjusted.

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Montreal Protocol (UNEP)

The Montreal Protocol, a follow-up agreement to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, entered into force in January 1989. Developments are discussed at the annual UN conferences and the Protocol is regularly expanded to include new ozone-depleting substance groups.

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