Land-use planning and financial innovation to increase Mexico’s resilience to climate change

The impacts of climate change threaten the livelihoods of Mexican small farmers. Therefore the project promotes adaptation, restoration and conservation of rural landscapes to increase their resilience and to ensure food security and local income. It helps small farmers in the states of Campeche, Tabasco, Chiapas, Jalisco, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Hidalgo and Tlaxcala to adapt and to increase their production. Ecosystem-based adaptation strategies include sustainable production and integrated land use planning approaches that equally take into account food, forest, biodiversity and climate change. Innovative finance mechanisms support this process. The project also promotes land use management policies at national and sub-national level to help Mexico to achieve its goals in the areas of SDGs, NDCs and biodiversity.

Project data

IKI funding
21,457,627.03 €
Included preparation phase
21,457,627.03 €
10/2022 till 09/2027
Implementing organisation
Centro de Transporte Sustentable de México, A.C. (WRI México)
Political Partner
  • Ministry for Agriculture and Rural Development (SADER) - Mexico
  • National Forestry Commission (CONAFOR) - Mexico
  • National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (INECC) - Mexico
  • Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT)- Mexico
Implementing Partner
  • Centro de Transporte Sustentable de México, A.C. (WRI México)
  • GAIA (Grupo Autonomo para Investigacion Ambiental)
  • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB / IDB / BID)
  • International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) – Regional Office for Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean (ORMACC)
  • The Inter-American Institute for Cooperation in Agriculture (IICA)

State of implementation/results

  • Consortium partners, together with organizations from Oaxaca, Chiapas, Hidalgo, Tlaxcala, Tabasco, and Campeche have initiated the development of methodologies and formulation of five-year climate change adaptation plans based on EbA practices for corn, coffee, agave, honey, forestry, livestock and agroecological crop production systems. These plans will set the roadmap for the project in the implementation regions during the period 2024-2027.
  • The Autonomous Group for Environmental Research (GAIA), a partner of the consortium, has begun piloting Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) practices for rainfed agriculture in collaboration with the Vicente Guerrero Group of Tlaxcala, with good results in the face of the drought that is going on in the region.
  • To evaluate the changes achieved by the project and ensure progress in the adaptation of the producers involved, a first version of a „Smallholder Adaptation Capacity Index“ has been developed, which includes six dimensions and more than thirty easy-to-monitor indicators.
  • Work is underway to develop the Environmental and Social Management System (SGAS), the Environmental and Social Action Plan, and the formulation of a Gender, Equity and Inclusion Action Plan to ensure that goals are met, and that women, men and vulnerable groups benefit equally from the program while promoting their effective participation in producer organizations.
  • Two research studies are being prepared and will be published in late 2024. The first one analyzes theoretical aspects of EbA and alternatives for its direct or indirect inclusion in the country's public policies. The second one maps case studies and proposes criteria for the implementation of climate governance mechanisms in pilot sites of the project.
  • Together with GITEC, the project is working on the development of the project's monitoring, evaluation, and knowledge management system. Six knowledge products are being considered for the year 2024: 1) Information on climate impact at the local level in SAbERES regions; 2) Results of the Adaptive Capacity Index; 3) Factsheet: EbA in public policies; 4) case studies and proposed criteria for the implementation of climate governance mechanisms in pilot sites; 5) baseline document on environmental, social and economic characteristics by productive system in the participating regions; 6) a portfolio of the criteria for considering an activity to be defined as EbA within the project.

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