West African Alliance on Carbon Markets and Climate Finance

The implementation of ambitious NDCs of West African countries faces a large funding gap. In 2017, 16 countries have formed the “West African Alliance on Carbon Markets and Climate Finance” to jointly tackle issues relating to accessing carbon markets and climate finance for NDC implementation. Building on the Alliance’s successful start, the project seeks to deepen sub-regional cooperation and enhance in-country readiness for Article 6 implementation. The member participation in international negotiations on Article 6 of the Paris Agreement ensures that African priorities are reflected in the design of the new carbon market approaches. Furthermore, the inception of carbon market projects is supported by a platform for networking between strategic partners (e.g. financiers, project developers). The development of institutionalized regional cooperation structures will increase awareness, transfer knowledge and stimulate replication in the region.

Project data

Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
IKI funding
7,797,808.54 €
08/2020 till 07/2028
Implementing organisation
West African Development Bank
Political Partner
  • Diverse climate change relevant institutions in the respective partner countries/Diverse klimarelevante Institutionen in den entsprechenden Partnerländern

State of implementation/results

  • The Alliance is continuously providing tailored technical support and guidance for West African negotiators and Heads of Delegations (HoDs) to the UNFCCC to better participate in current negotiation processes on Article 6 and carbon markets. In this regard, the WAA also coordinates with negotiators of other UNFCCC constituencies (African Group of Negotiators (AGN) and Least Developed Countries (LDC) Group).
  • The WAA collaboratively works with the East African Alliance on Carbon Markets and Climate Finance (EAA) to facilitate broader regional coordination and establish common understanding and shared positions on issues relating to the impact of international negotiations on Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Through fruitful collaboration with its partners, the Alliance organized and/or actively engaged in the following events:
    • At COP28 in Dubai, insights and lessons learned of the West African Carbon Market Hub were explored during the transformative side event “WAA scaling up public and private capacity to deliver the Goals of the Paris Agreement”, organized in partnership with the International Emissions Trading Association (IETA).
    • At COP28, in collaboration with Evercity, WAA presented the West Africa Carbon Markets Accelerator Platform addressing project origination challenges in the region. The event aimed to gather West African countries to discuss the proposal, emphasizing key challenges such as financing gaps and barriers to project origination. Objectives include developing a comprehensive Climate Project Identification Facility and implementing a Digital Platform to support the Paris Agreement.
    • During COP28, the Alliance organized two coordination meetings (02 and 11 December) with the Alliance focal points to discuss and exchange viewpoints and strategic insights about the negotiations and how to support the alignment between LDCs and AGN on specific issues.
    • In addition, the Alliance has organized permanently technical workshops for Alliance members that couldn’t travel with the view of unpacking Article 6 outcomes of COP28.
    • In 2023, the Allianceinaugurated the West Africa Carbon Market Hub in Abidjan, Côte d´Ivoire (26-28 September). This initiative, which is a first in Africa, aims to create the sub-regional ecosystem needed to unlock the enormous potential of the West African carbon market. The conference brought together public and private sector stakeholders in the sub-region and was expertly organized by the WAA and the Business Partnership for Market Implementation (BPMI), as part of the International Emissions Trading Association (IETA).
    • At the Africa Climate Week side event “Accelerating Article 6 Readiness in African countries”, the WAA, the Eastern Africa Alliance on Carbon Markets, and the NDC Partnership brought together countries at different stages of Article 6 readiness to share insights from their current and planned activities regarding Article 6 implementation, including lessons learned from recent partner and regional south-south exchanges on Article 6 implementation (8 September 2023).
    • At COP27 in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt (2022), 16 Heads of Delegation to the COP representing Governments of the West African countries held the first Roundtable Forum with the WAA. The roundtable is envisaged as a long-term space for collective engagement between the Alliance and the sixteen Heads of States.
    • During the 5th Alliance Member Meeting in Lomé meeting (22-23 March 2022), Senegal and Ghana shared their experiences in setting up national Article 6 pilot projects and how to partner with potential ITMO buyers (i.e. KliK Fundation, Japan Carbon Mechanism, etc.). In addition to Nigeria (green bonds), these two countries are valid examples from which the Article 6 blueprint of the Alliance will tap into during its implementation of Article 6 national platform for the Alliance country members.
    • After its first and successful roundtable (July 2020), the West- and East African Alliances together held the 2nd roundtable (15 April 2021). This platform between potential ITMO buyers (Klik Foundation, Japan Cooperative Mechanism-JCM, etc) and sellers (Alliance members such as Ghana) represented an opportunity to share experiences about the key lessons learned, challenges and success factors gathered from the existing experiences of setting up bilateral agreements between purchasing actors from private sectors and African countries.
    Alongside this, the Alliance provides clear guidance and understanding of Article 6 readiness and its implementation through the following activities:
  • In June 2022, the report “Blueprint for Article 6 Readiness in member countries of the West African Alliance” was published. This Blueprint is designed to support the development of national Article 6 strategies for market-based cooperation and its implementation, primarily in member countries of the Alliance.
  • The scoping study “Article 6 Readiness in West Africa” supports host countries in navigating the new requirements of the Paris Agreement and jump-starting or progressing in-country Article 6 readiness. It provides information on the building blocks for Article 6 readiness from a host country perspective, as well as a readiness assessment for Article 6 readiness in the region.
  • The first edition of its newsletter “Carbon News in West Africa” was issued in August 2021. This newsletter highlights some key achievements, events organized and informs about upcoming activities of the Alliance.
  • The development of the WAA has been positively assessed by other regions, so that they want to set up a regional cooperation themselves:
    • The WAA acted as a blueprint for the formation of the East African Alliance on Carbon Markets and Climate Finance (EAA): with the support of the BMWK and in cooperation with the UNFCCC Regional Collaboration Center (RCC) Kampala, the EAA (easternafricaalliance.org) was established in 2019. Both African alliances have become international role models.
    • The initiative of the Caribbean island states is already being supported by GIZ in its first steps as part of the Global Carbon Market project.
    • South-East Asian countries have also expressed great interest in regional cooperation.
    • The Central African countries' requested the WAA for support for the creation and implementation of an Alliance on the carbon market and climate finance in Central Africa.
  • In 2020, four thematic working groups (carbon markets and pricing, transparency, climate finance and technology transfer) were established and led by Alliance country members they provide updates to alliance focal points on negotiations in their thematic fields and providing reports to Alliance members during SBs and COPs.
  • One of the main objectives of the Alliance is to create in each alliance country, a national platform for practitioners. These national platforms will be the framework for continuous consultation and capacity building on Article 6 and its related issues. Currently, the Alliance is working with six member countries on this activity.
  • The alliance has worked with the Catalyst Climate Action Group to enhance the access to climate finance. An Alliance technical partner was invited to speak during the Access to Finance Session at the Africa Climate Week (28 September 2021). This event supported activities for COP26 that aim to improve access to finance in developing countries, highlight capacity building challenges and provide opportunities to share positive experiences and lessons learned from the Africa and MENA regions.

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