TEEB implementation – assessment of ecosystem services for holistic and sustainable land management in the agricultural sector

The agricultural sector causes the degradation of ecosystems and increases health costs and CO2 emissions – but it also contributes much to nutrition, the production of raw materials and the creation of jobs. Many of the negative and positive effects of agriculture, however, are “economically invisible”, i.e. they are not included in decision-making processes. The project uses the Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity approach (TEEB), cooperating with relevant stakeholders to identify decision processes that can be improved by economical evaluation. This approach is followed by the modelling of impacts on land use, the assessment of changes in the provision of ecosystem services and an economic evaluation. These processes include the analysis of effects on the fairness of decisions regarding the distribution of land use rights and the derivation of policy recommendations.

Project data

Colombia, Kenya, Tanzania, Thailand
IKI funding
3,999,924.00 €
01/2017 till 06/2022
Implementing organisation
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment)
Political Partner
  • Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS) - Colombia
  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MoNRE) - Thailand
  • National Museums of Kenya (NMK)
  • Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning - ONEP - Thailand
  • Vice President’s Office (VPO) - Tanzania

State of implementation/results

  • TEEBAgriFood and the IKI project specifically is being mainstreamed in the UN Food Systems Summit. As part of the post-Summit implementation process, UNEP is co-convening a ‘True Value of Food’ coalition that brings the value provided by nature to the forefront of decision-making to transform food systems and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. The project was also presented at a National FSS Dialogue in Thailand in November 2021.
  • Thailand:
    • The focus of the TEEBAgriFood assessment is on the impacts of future expansion of organic rice production systems in the Northeast of Thailand.
    • The local research team led by the Economics Faculty of Khon Kaen University are finalising their full findings report.
    • A Policy synthesis is in preparation to be presented at the project Steering Committee for discussion.
  • Tanzania:
    • Once the TEEBAgriFood Synthesis Report is finalised in April 2022, UNEP and IRA will host a national workshop to demonstrate the trade-offs of land use scenarios in the Southern Highlands to Tanzanian stakeholders and determine opportunities for adoption of policy recommendations.
  • Kenya:
    • Four scenarios have been consulted and validated with the communities and counties that make up the Mau Forest greater ecosystem: (i) Business as Usual, (ii) intensified agroforestry, (iii) enhanced forest and CBNRM (Community Based Natural Resource Management), and (iv) Carbon Farming.
    • A project video is being developed, using footage from field work and consultations in February 2021.
  • Colombia:
    • TEEBAgriFood Colombia introductory video - link: www.youtube.com/…
    • A TEEBAgriFood Colombia public forum was organized in November 2021 - event recording: www.youtube.com/… The event presented the case for regenerative agriculture and nature-based solutions not only being good for the environment, but also for livelihoods.

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