Synergies between adaptation, biodiversity, and mitigation
This paper addresses synergies between adaptation and biodiversity, with a focus on potential synergies between Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and the new Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF). It looks at nature-based solutions (NbS) in water, agriculture and cities, based on examples from Pakistan, Jordan and Costa Rica. It also addresses maladaptation risks and the need to move away from silo mentalities and towards more system thinking, including a social justice perspective.
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