Biodiversity conservation in the Central Annamites through ecosystem protection and land management

The karst region between Laos and Vietnam is home to one of the largest contiguous natural forest complexes in continental Asia. The region is also rich in biodiversity, but the wildlife is increasingly threatened by poaching, illegal logging and the conversion of forests (e.g. into agricultural land). The project supports a sustainable reversal of the trends towards forest degradation and species loss. To achieve this goal, it improves the monitoring of the illegal wildlife trade, provides incentives for the conservation of biodiversity and implements measures to reduce the illegal timber trade. In cooperation with the local authorities, models that were successfully tested in the previous project are being continued and expanded, including agreements with municipalities on species protection, municipal forest management and sustainable financing mechanisms for protected areas.

Project data

Laos, Viet Nam
IKI funding
7,000,000.00 €
12/2018 till 12/2024
Implementing organisation
KfW Entwicklungsbank
Political Partner
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry - Lao PDR
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) - Viet Nam
  • Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MoNRE) - Lao PDR
  • People’s committee of the province of Provinz Quang Nam - Viet Nam
  • People’s committee of the province of Thua Thien Hue - Viet Nam
  • Provincial Agriculture and Forestry Office (PAFO) - Laos
Implementing Partner
  • Bach Ma National Park - Viet Nam
  • Hue Saola Nature Reserve - Viet Nam
  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MoNRE) - Viet Nam
  • Quang Nam - Forest Protection Department - Viet Nam
  • Quang Nam Saola Nature Reserve
  • Thua Thien Hue - Forest Protection Department - Viet Nam
  • World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) - Germany
  • World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) - Laos
  • World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) - Viet Nam
  • WWF Greater Mekong Programm

State of implementation/results

  • The project aims to expand the officially designated protected areas. To this end, meetings were held with relevant stakeholders and proposals were developed and discussed.
  • In order to strengthen local patrol capacities, patrol teams were recruited and equipped, and trainings on patrolling, monitoring and species identification were conducted. In Vietnam, 201 patrols have been carried out so far on which 6,355 snares were removed.
  • For improved biodiversity monitoring, for example, 42 camera traps were set up at a total of 21 sites in the Thua Thien Hue Saola Nature Reserve. Through this systematic monitoring, 22 mammal species and 16 bird species were recorded in a total of 3,120 "trap nights". To identify priority areas, two kilometres of attracting vegetation fences were also created in Saola, equipped with 100 camera traps.
  • In Vietnam, the SMART Mobile Plan field test was started, a workshop on SMART was conducted with a total of 50 participants, and a Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool evaluation of each area was completed.
  • To support the identification of illegal wildlife trade and inter-agency law enforcement, wildlife trade and consumption assessments were conducted in various cities and a policy on tackling illegal wildlife trade was finalised and signed.
  • To support local and cross-border law enforcement capacity on wildlife trafficking, trainings on investigation of violations of wildlife laws and the identification of possible offenders were organised.
  • In addition, activities were carried out to raise awareness and promote behavioural change among the population. A strategy and action plan is currently being developed.
  • The project also prepared guidelines for Biodiversity Conservation Agreements, Village Development Funds and Biodiversity Offsets.
  • Biodiversity conservation agreements were discussed and accepted in six target villages.
  • Forest management plans were revised in the six pilot villages according to the new administrative regulations. Equipment for forest protection was provided and field studies on the implementation of the Community Forest Management Plans were carried out.
  • Numerous activities have also been carried out to support volunteer conservation groups in communities, such as training courses on biodiversity and communication, study tours, mobile exhibitions or awareness-raising campaigns in schools.
  • The awareness-raising campaigns, video clips and TV programmes, newsletters, website content and social media have generated considerable attention.

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