Improving the Management of Peatlands and the Capacities of Stakeholders in Indonesia (Peat-IMPACTS Indonesia)

Some 50 percent of Indonesia’s peatland areas have been converted and degraded by excessive land use and fire damage. A sustainable and climate-neutral solution to the management of peatlands is based on a transformational landscape approach that combines technical and organisational resources and skills in peatland restoration, while being aligned with the needs of the public and private sectors. The project is also raising awareness among key stakeholders about peat fires and the associated emission risks in relation to peatlands. Support is being provided for the integration of peatland management into a broader-based landscape management, and the project is also providing skills training for smallholders in the management of paludiculture. The project’s efforts are helping to safeguard local livelihoods, while communication of the lessons learned is ensuring that insights are shared nationwide. The mitigation of emissions achieved is helping to meet Indonesia’s NDCs and its national 2015–2020 development plan.

Project data

IKI funding
4,062,457.00 €
01/2020 till 12/2023
Implementing organisation
World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF)
Political Partner
  • Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) - Indonesia
  • Peat Restoration Agency (Badan Restorasi Gambut - BRG) - Indonesia
  • State Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) - Indonesia
Implementing Partner
  • Forestry and Environment Research Development and Innovation Agency (FOERDIA)
  • Indonesian Center for Agriculture Land Resources Research and Development (ICALRRD)

State of implementation/results


  • The baseline data collected under ALLIR (Assessment of Livelihoods and Landscapes to Increase Resilience) tool has been analyzed and the synthesis writeup is at the final stage. The report will comprehensively cover the methodology and guidelines to implement ALLIR framework and analysis as well as the results for the two provinces. Dissemination workshops have been conducted in April 2022 for two districts in S Sumatra.
  • Technical assistance sessions for S Sumatra province to develop their peatland protection and management plans have been organized. MoEF is instrumental in the process. In the first semester of 2022, a series of workshops have been conducted to identify strategic issues, programs, and activities of peat protection and management in S Sumatra. In OKI and Banyuasin districts, the formulation of the strategic issues for peatland protection and management has been held on 26th and 28 July 2022.
  • Awareness raising workshop to identify the potential and existing sustainable financing for conservation and ecosystem services has been organized in W Kalimantan province and Kubu Raya district. Two workshops and three key informant interviews with NGOs have been conducted. Four meetings with private sector representatives have been held.
  • In supporting the policy development in S Sumatra, we have facilitated the development of the Action Plan on Sustainable Palm Oil in South Sumatra (RAD - KSB). From June - July 2022, two discussions have been facilitated to identify the relevant issues, programs and activities.
  • Two demonstration plots have been established in two pilot villages in S Sumatra as part of farmers’ capacity
  • strengthening activities. Seven training sessions on good agricultural practices and marketing access have been held. About 157 smallholders have been trained (115 men and 42 women participants) in S Sumatra. Six Conservation
  • Livelihood Agreements between farmers, private sectors, and government agents on peat management have been signed in S Sumatra.
  • Curricula and learning materials on sustainable peatland management for elementary and junior high schools have been fully developed in collaboration with Education Agencies in S Sumatra and W Kalimantan. The curricula and teaching materials have been formally tested and applied in two elementary schools in S Sumatra under a close collaboration with the Peat and Mangrove Restoration Agency.
  • The project has initiated WikiGambut, a knowledge management system based on the voluntary contribution of multiple stakeholders. The WikiGambut community in S Sumatra, with 130 contributors, has successfully compiled and written 245 articles. A total of 93 contributors have joined the community network of WikiGambut in W Kalimantan. Until June 2022, a total of 18 awareness raising workshops as part of WikiGambut have been organized.
  • Close cooperation with local media has been maintained. Until June 2022, a total of 69 media coverages on Peat IMPACTS activity have been produced.
  • Baseline data has been collected in 34 villages in Banyuasin and Ogan Komering Ilir districts, South Sumatra, and 27 villages in Kubu Raya district, West Kalimantan. We developed 61 documents of road maps toward sustainable peat villages. The consultation process was conducted on September 27, 2021, in Banyuasin district.
  • Based on the data and objective selection criteria, we selected six villages from each province to be the pilot of Peat-IMPACTS, in consultation with the government. In these pilot villages, Peat-IMPACTS will support the implementation of evidence-based business models.
  • The seven business models for South Sumatra are: climate-smart rice cultivation with zero fire and organic fertilizers. agro-silvo-fishery in the paludiculture farming system. kelulut bee cultivation. oil palm agroforestry with ginger/turmeric/betel nut to enhance women's roles. rubber agroforestry with annual crops and fruit trees. nursery for horticultural and economical tree species. in surrounding elephant habitat areas, agroforestry development with plant species that do not attract elephants with patrol programs to prevent human-elephant conflict. kitchen garden to increase food security, nutrition and family income, managed by women group.
  • In facilitating the development of the RPPEG in South Sumatra and West Kalimantan, Peat-IMPACTS has organized a Technical Session workshop that brought experts from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry as key resource persons to provide guidance to the South Sumatra’s officers and stakeholders. As a follow-up to this workshop, one focus discussion group (FGD) was held on February 17, 2022, which involved local government representatives, private sector representatives (oil palm business associations, rubber business associations, timber business associations), local universities, and NGO representatives. The purpose of this FGD was to gather the views and aspirations of multi-stakeholders regarding the protection and management of peat in South Sumatra.
  • For further insights and information, please visit the project website.

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