As of Mai 2023
By signing the Paris Agreement at the 2015 UN Climate Change Conference, the global community declared its intention to limit the average rise in temperatures worldwide to under 2°C, and ideally to 1.5°C, compared with pre-industrial levels. This aims to ensure the ecological, social and economic impacts of climate change stay manageable.
Nationally determined contributions as a central component in reducing greenhouse gas emissions
A key instrument for achieving these targets are the signatory parties’ nationally determined contributions (NDCs). In its individual NDC, each country describes how it will reduce greenhouse gas emissions and which measures it will implement to adapt to climate change. The signatory countries are also required to formulate and communicate long-term strategies (LTS) for development that achieve low greenhouse gas emissions.
The Paris Agreement requires state parties to update and improve their nationally determined contributions every five years, with the aim of increasing their level of ambition during every cycle. Each NDC submission aims to progress further than the last and reflect the maximum level of ambition on the part of the respective country.
For the current cycle (2020 to 2025), many countries have submitted their new or updated NDCs between 2020 or 2022, while others have yet to complete the updating process. One thing is clear, however, from the contributions submitted: the targets that have been set fall far short of the mark in terms of achieving the primary 2 °C target or even the 1.5 °C target.
The International Climate Initiative (IKI) takes a number of approaches to support implementation and ambition-raising for NDCs, such as by promoting global initiatives, for example. Significant work in this context is being completed by the NDC Partnership (NDCP).
Purpose and aims of the NDC Partnership
The NDCP was formed in 2016 by the German Government together with other advanced, emerging and developing economies, and multilateral organisations. As a global initiative, the NDCP aims to support the implementation of nationally determined contributions, their ambition-raising and their orientation towards long-term strategies within the context of the Paris Agreement.
The Partnership therefore matches up specific, climate-related support requests from partner countries with offers from various donors, and promotes financial backing and capacity building to ensure effective NDC implementation. Developing economies – who would otherwise receive little support in this area – are a key point of focus. Support enquiries are submitted by the respective partner country to the NDCP support network as part of Partnership plans, as individual, ad-hoc ‘requests for support’, or in the context of initiatives and programmes, such as the Climate Action Enhancement Package (CAEP), the Economic Advisory Initiative or the Readiness Support for Greening Central Banks initiative.
The NDCP currently has more than 200 members, including developing, emerging and advanced economies, as well as international organisations, development banks and associate members. A 14-member Steering Committee directs and manages NDCP activities. Day-to-day business is conducted by a secretariat, the NDCP Support Unit.
The role of Germany
The German Government has provided financial and political support to the NDC Partnership since its formation. Specifically, this has involved
- direct financing of the NDCP Support Unit;
- indirect financing via ongoing projects;
- work as a member of the NDCP Steering Committee and for strategy development; and
- responding to support enquiries from member states.
The EUR 600 million provided by the German Government to date makes it the NDCP’s largest sponsor. Around EUR 400 million of this total sum was provided via the IKI.
IKI support activities
The IKI primarily supports the NDCP with direct contributions to initiatives and support enquiries from the NDC Partnership as well as NDC-focused support provided as part of the IKI project portfolio.
The NDC Partnership
IKI topic page
IKI interface projects
In the IKI priority countries that are members of the NDC Partnership, the IKI interface projects can be particularly suitable partners for responding to requests for support.
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