Philippines

Last updated: November 2023

The country is one of the priority countries with which the International Climate Initiative (IKI) maintains a particularly close cooperation.

The Philippines is one of the 18 megadiverse countries and is deemed to be particularly suffering from the impacts of climate change due to the nature of its island location. The mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and the adaptation to climate change form an important part of the IKI priorities in the country, in accordance with their national significance. According to the long-term Climate Risk Index prepared by Germanwatch in 2021 for the years 2000 to 2019, the Philippines ranks fourth in the list of countries most affected by the impacts of climate change. According to a report of the World Bank, the risks comprise tropical cyclones, floods and landslides. According to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD), the Philippines is listed fifth in the number of plant species and harbours five percent of the global flora. The proportion of endemic species is very high.

Interface project

Most priority countries of the IKI also engage in so-called IKI interface projects, which have permanent project offices in the capital city of the respective country. Alongside their own, country-specific project commission, these interface projects are also tasked with maintaining close contact to environment and climate ministries as well as networking with other relevant ministries in the field of climate and biodiversity policy. Beyond this, the interface projects also work to network all of the IKI projects in the country and region together so as to promote synergies.

In Philippines, the interface function is currently represented by the TRANSCEND project . 

Project priorities 

The project comprises the following components:

  • management of natural resources;
  • resilient communities and buildings;
  • climate-intelligent industries and services as well as energy efficiency;
  • climate-intelligent transport;
  • support of climate policy decision-making mechanisms;
  • function as an IKI interface: Promotion of dialogue on climate and biodiversity between the IKI projects in the country as well as between other actors (networking opportunities and knowledge management).

In a nutshell

Region: Asia

Population: 115.6 million (World Bank, 2022)

CO2eq emissions (incl. LUCF): 227.5 million t (ClimateWatch, 2020)

CO2eq emissions per capita (incl. LUCF): 2.1 t (ClimateWatch, 2020)

Total energy supply (IRENA, 2020):

  • 34 % RE (47 % Bioenergy - 4 % Hydro/marine - 1 % Wind - 1 % Solar - 48 % Geothermal)
  • 29 % Oil
  • 6 % Gas
  • 31 % Coal + others

IKI projects in the country (last updated: November 2023):

  • bilateral projects: 6 ongoing, 12 completed
  • regional projects: 8 ongoing, 15 completed
  • global projects: 23 ongoing, 23 completed 

ClimateWatch

NDC partnership: country page

 IKI partner ministries:    

  • Climate Change Commission (CCC)
  • National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA)
  • Department of Energy (DOE)
  • Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
  • Department of Transportation (DOTr)
  • Department of Human Settlements and Urban Development (DHSUD)
  • Department of Science and Technology (DOST)
  • Department of Interior and Local Governments (DILG)
  • Department of Agriculture (DA)
  • Department of Tourism (DOT)
  • Department of Finance (DOF)

News from Philippines

05/05/2023

Forest and landscape restoration in the Philippines

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Key visual of the Restoration Stewards 2023
04/19/2023

Seven young changemakers restoring the Earth

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Participants worked on actual city cases from the Philippines at the Eleventh Session of the World Urban Forum (WUF11)
09/23/2022

Philippines climate resilient urban plans featured in global conference

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01/14/2022

IKI support to the Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism

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City from above
10/18/2021

Urban planning for climate change

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IKI partner countries

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