Cooling Program for Southern Africa

The number of Air Conditioners (ACs) in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region will increase from 5.4 million to around 17.7 million by 2030. Climate and energy plans of the SADC members call for greenhouse gas emission reductions and energy efficiency improvements in the cooling sector. High costs and the inaccessibility of ACs using natural refrigerants with ultra-low global warming potential are major obstacles to a sustainable transformation of the sector. The project aims to prepare framework conditions of an AC replacement programme in Botswana, eSwatini, Namibia, and South Africa: Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) as well as energy labels for ACs will be prepared, an AC replacement programme introducing natural refrigerants will be designed and a sustainable financing instrument will be developed. The project will also include the creation of a carbon finance instrument under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.

Project data

Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Eswatini
IKI funding
1,000,000.00 €
12/2021 till 05/2023
Implementing organisation
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Political Partner
  • Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment (DFFE) - South Africa
  • Department of Mineral Resources and Energy (DMRE) - South Africa
  • Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET) - Namibia*
  • Ministry of Tourism and Environmental Affairs - Eswatini

State of implementation/results

  • The official national kick-off workshops took place and national project steering committees and subcommittees have been set up.
  • The status quo regarding Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS), labels and enforcement on regional level (South African Development Community (SADC)) and national level in the partner countries is being analysed and recommendations are being developed.
  • Collection and analysis of data on the current air conditioner (AC) stock and related energy efficiencies for the greenhouse gas baseline development as well as on available Green ACs (efficiencies, costs etc.) has started and is ongoing. The status quo regarding relevant Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (RAC) regulations, policy, safety standards, training institutes, curriculum, certification, etc. in the partner countries is being analysed.
  • There is a workshop planned (tbc) together with the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK) at the World Bank Innovate4Climate (I4C) conference (May 24-26, 2022) on RAC and Article 6 (

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