Cooling Program for Southern Africa

The number of air conditioners (ACs) in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region will increase from 5.4 million to around 17.7 million by 2030. Climate and energy plans of the SADC members call for greenhouse gas emission reductions and energy efficiency improvements in the cooling sector. High costs and the inaccessibility of ACs using natural refrigerants with ultra-low global warming potential are major obstacles to a sustainable transformation of the sector. The project prepares framework conditions of an AC replacement programme in its partner countries and makes it operational by the end of the project. Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) as well as energy labels for ACs will be established, an AC replacement programme introducing natural refrigerants will be operational and a sustainable financing instrument will be implemented, which considers carbon finance provided under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.

Project data

Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Eswatini
IKI funding
7,000,000.00 €
12/2021 till 12/2026
Implementing organisation
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Political Partner
  • Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment (DFFE) - South Africa
  • Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Tourism - Namibia
  • Ministry of Minerals and Energy - Botswana
  • Ministry of Tourism and Environmental Affairs - Eswatini
Implementing Partner
  • China Household Electrical Appliance Association (CHEAA)

State of implementation/results


  • The official national kick-off workshops took place and national project steering committees and subcommittees have been set up.
  • The status quo regarding Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS), labels and enforcement on regional level (South African Development Community (SADC)) and national level in the partner countries is being analysed and recommendations are being developed.
  • Collection and analysis of data on the current air conditioner (AC) stock and related energy efficiencies for the greenhouse gas baseline development as well as on available Green ACs (efficiencies, costs etc.) has started and is ongoing. The status quo regarding relevant Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (RAC) regulations, policy, safety standards, training institutes, curriculum, certification, etc. in the partner countries is being analysed.
  • Carbon Finance/blended finance approaches are being discussed with banks.
  • A workshop was conducted at the World Bank Innovate4Climate (I4C) conference (24th to 26th May 2022) on RAC and Article 6 ( together with the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK).
  • Exchanges with national standard institutions on the nationalisation of the regional Southern African Development Community Minimum Energy Performance Standards for ACs took place.
  • A training on safe handling of natural refrigerants/R290 ACs has been conducted in a training center in Eswatini.
  • Exchanges with manufacturers of the Green Air Conditioners (ACs) foreseen for the AC replacement programme and its South African sales agent are taking place to order and import Green ACs for the project.
  • Article 6 baselines for Botswana, Eswatini and Namibia have been developed and discussed with partners.
  • Refrigeration and Air Conditioning trainers of the partner countries were trained on the safe use and handling of natural refrigerants during the Cool Training (…) in Germany for two weeks in 10/2022.
  • A Cool Training for National Ozone Unit (NOU) officers took place in 05/2023.
  • Representatives of the NOU of the partner countries participated at the Global Green Cooling Network Meeting in 07/2022 in Bangkok, Thailand, which was organised to fit regarding time and place to the Open-ended Working Group (OEWG) 44 of the Montreal Protocol.
  • During the 56th session of the subsidiary bodies of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference, the project met representatives of three partner countries in Bonn. This fostered the good collaboration with the political partners and led to feedback for and approval of the next steps.
  • Regional project workshop in Botswana in 09/2023 with representatives of the four partner countries.


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